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Culture

The Baya Weaver

The Baya Weaver (Ploceus philippinus) is a weaverbird found across South and Southeast Asia also in Pakistan punjab. Flocks of these birds are found in grasslands, cultivated areas, scrub and secondary growth and they are best known for their hanging retort shaped nests woven from leaves. These nest colonies are usually found on thorny trees or palm fronds and the nests are often built near water or hanging over water where predators cannot reach easily. They are widespread and common within their range but are prone to local, seasonal movements mainly in response to rain and food availability.

10 Pictures from Mandi Bahauddin Punjab Pakistan

Phalia Qadir abad road

Bergad at Seeray Phalia Road

 

Qadar Abad old hous

 

Qadar Abad

 

 Dera near Satt Sera Phalia Sugar Mill Road

 

 Phalia Mandi Bahauddin road

 

Baba Kare at Jaisak near Phalia

 

Main Gate Bawa Kare Jaisak near Phalia City

 

old house

(Ghurh) Ready for Eat

Folk dances of Punjab

Punjab is very rich in terms of dance. Punjab has many types of folkal dances, among them Bhangra and Giddha being the most famous. These days, many non-Punjabis are also getting into Punjab’s folkal dances, as you occasionally see a European or Chinese in various Bhangra competions. These non-Punjabis have simply made Punjabi dance a part of their own culture as well.

 

Bhangra


Originally, Punjabis performed Bhangra to celebrate the sucess of the harvest. Now people perform Bhangra at wedding parties, receptions, birthdays, competitions, and other happy occations. On the day of Baisakhi, April 13, many farmers, engineers, teachers, shop owners, and other sorts of people perform Bhangra. In the villages, with large drums, called dhols, people circle round and round leaping and laughing. Persons of all types of social classes perform Bhangra together. Even the elders occationally join the young to celebrate and dance Bhangra

 

Sammi  سمّی

Sammi is Punjabi female dance. The dancers dress in bright coloured kurtas and full flowing skirts called lengas. A particular silver hair ornament is associated with this danc

 

Giddha

Giddha is Punjab’s most famous folkal dance for women. In Giddha, the women enact verses called bolis, folk poetry, and dance. The subject matter of these bolis include everything from arguments with the father-in-law to political affairs. The dance rhythm is set by the dhols and the distinctive hand claps of the dancers. These days, people associate Giddha with Bhangra

Jhumar


This dance for male in PUnjab, This is very much a part of Punjab’s folk heritage. It is a graceful dance based on a Jhumar rhythm. Dancers circle around the drummer and sing graceful lyrics as they dance.

 

Luddi


Luddi is a victory dance where people do special movements of their heads. The costume is a simple loose shirt. The dancers put one hand on their backs and the other hand in front of their faces. The body movement is sinuous, snake-like. There is also a drummer in the center of the dance.

Dhamal

Similar to bhangra, men dance in a circle



Jaago


Literally Jaago means wake up! When there is a marriage in the house, girls dance through the village streets carrying a pot (gaggar) decorated with lightened candles and sing Jaagu songs. The themes of the songs are social and usually a bit of teasing, often aimed at elders, goes with the song.

Kikli


Women perform this dance in pairs. They cross their arms, hold each other`s hands and whirl around singing folk songs. Sometimes four girls join hands to perform this dance.

Punjabi folk singer Attaullah Khan Essakhilvi

Attaullah Khan Essakhilvi is a well known folk singer and poet of Pakistan. He has a world record of the highest number of audio albums ever released by a singer. He is traditionally considered a Siraiki artist but mostly he has als recorded albums in the Punjabi language. The reason behind his astonishing success is that he sings only for the poor, desperate and afflicted. His voice has a healing effect and is considered on of the best folk singers Pakistan has ever produced. He has dominated the folk music scene of Pakistan for over thirty years. He gathers thousands in his audiences whenever and wherever he performs. He hails from the famous Niazi tribe. other famous Niazi people are Imran Khan the cricketer, Majid Khan (cricketer) and Muneer Niazi (Urdu poet). He has released smash hits such as Qameez Teri Kaali, Raatan and Mahi Wasey Mera. He has become one of the most well known singers in Pakistan. In his early years, the love of his life left him for another man and he turned to alcohol, but since then he has changed his ways. When he sing a song,his face and acting is very emotional.

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Punjab top food

Kali Daal Chawal with Chicken Salan. Brown Lentil and Chicken Curry easy pakistani food recipe

Raita is a cucumber and yogurt sauce or dip usually used with Pakistani food.

sarso ka saag

Best Punjabi Lunch; Sarsoun Ka Saag, Makkai Ki Roti and Achaar

 

Chunnay with Dahi

 

Qulfi (Ice Cream)

 

Punjabi Halva

Delicious Channa Pulao, a Popular Dish

 

Roti/perotha is a popular breakfast recipe in Punjab

Chappal Kababs

 

Samosa with Green Chutni

 

The Gol Gappa is a popular street snack in all over Pakistan, especially in Punjab

 

Jalebi

 

Gobhi Healthy Food means Punjabi Food

Methiwali Makki di Roti

Lassi (Buttermilk)

 

Baraf Ka Gola

 

Gurr Walay Chawal – Punjabi Sweet Rice

 

 

Punjab life in Village

Pakistan is an agriculture based country and most of the population lives in the rural areas. People living in the villages have their own way of  life which is quite different from the city dwellers. Their life is simple, they have a cleaner pollution free environment and they eat simple, healthy and pure diet. In this segment, the real life in villages is shown through photos (Pics) . The life in rural areas and Pakistani villages is worth seeing.

A Woman Making Chappati (Roti/Phulka) in the Open

خاتون روٹیاں بناتی ہوئی

A Typical Outdoor Kitchen in the Compound of a House in a Village

گاوں کے گھر میں باہر کلا باورچی خانہ

An Indoor Kitchen in a Pakistani Village House.

گاوں کے گھر کا باورچی خانہ

Pakistani-Village-Photo-A-Kitchen-in-a-Pakistani-Village-house-Pictures-of-Pakistani-Village-Life

A Village House and a huge Tree

گاوں کے گھر میں لگا ہوا ایک بڑا درخت

Pakistani Village Pictures: A village house and a huge tree - Photos of Pakistani Villages

A simple Village House. 

گاوں میں کچا گھر

Pakistani Village Pictures: A simple village house - Photos of Pakistani Villages

A Typical Pakistani VillageLook at the simple mud house. Villagers life is also very simple.

گاوں میں سادہ اور کچے گھر

Beautiful View of a Village in Punjab

پنجاب کے گاوں کا دلکش منظر

Photos of villages in Pakistan: Beautiful View of a Village in Punjab with a mud house

A Village House in Punjab

گاوں کا گھر

Pakistani Village Pictures: A village house in Punjab - Photos of Pakistani Villages

A Small Canal and a Bridge

ایک چھوٹی نہر اور اس پر بنا ہوا پل

Pakistani Village Pictures: A small canal and a bridge - Photos of Pakistani Villages

A Beautiful Scene of a Village in Punjab

Photos of Pakistani villages - A beautiful scene of a village in Punjab

A Village House in Punjab. A typical village house in Punjab with hand pump, tractor and cattle.

Photos of pakistani villages - A typical village house in Punjab with hand pump, tractor and cattle

Gali (Street) in a Pushtoon Village in Sanjavi, BaluchistanSanjavi, surrounded by the beautiful landscape of barren mountains lies on the Loralai – Ziarat Road. Photo by y uMa|r.

Pakistani Village Pictures: A Gali (Street) in a Pushtoon village in Sanjavi, Baluchistan - Pakistani Village Photos, Images

A Mud Hut and a Cart in a Fruit Garden in a Village

Pakistani Village Life: Photo of a mud hut and a cart in a fruit garden in a village - Photos of Pakistani Villages, Pictures of Pakitani Villages

Wheat Crop is Ripe

 Photos of Pakistani villages - Wheat crop is ripe

Harvesting Wheat Crop in a Village. Villagers and their women folk are busy in harvesting the bumper wheat crop. They will try to immediately store or sell the wheat lest the untimely rain destroy the yield.

Stacks of Harvested Wheat CropStacks of harvested wheat crop lying in the fields.

Photos of Pakistani villages - Stacks of harvested wheat crop lying in the fields

A Villager Thrashing Wheat Stalks on a Drum Obviously the poor farmer can not afford to hire a thrasher.

Pakistani Village Life: Photo of a Villager thrashing wheat stalks on a drum - Photos of Pakistani Villages, Pictures of Pakitani Villages

Wheat Crop with Mountains in the Background in a Village in Mianwali, Punjab

Pakistani Village Photos: Wheat crop with mountains in the far distance in a village in Mianwali, Punjab - Pictures, Photos of Pakistani Villages

Gur (Raw Sugar) Being Made from the Sugarcane Juice 

Pakistani Village Life: Villagers making 'Gur' (Raw sugar) from the sugarcane juice - Photos of Pakistani Villages, Pictures of Pakitani Villages

Gur (Raw Sugar) Prepared from the Sugarcane Juice 

Pakistani Village Life: Gur (Raw Sugar) prepared from the sugarcane juice - Photos of Pakistani Villages, Pictures of Pakitani Villages

A Villager is Extracting Mustard Oil (Sarson Ka Tail)

Pakistani Village Life, Photos of Pakistani Villages: A Villager is extracting Mustard Oil (sarson ka tail) - Pictures of Pakistani Villages

A Villager on a Bicycle in Sunflower Fields

Photos of Pakistani villages - A villager on bicycle in sunfower fields

A Sunflower Field and a Donkey Cart on a Dirt Road 

Pakistani Village Life: Photo of a sunflower field and a donkey cart on a dirt road - Photos of Pakistani Villages, Pictures of Pakitani Villages

Two Villagers on Bicycles and a Girl with a Pitcher in Mustard Fields

Pakistani Village Life, Photos of Pakistani Villages: Two Villagers on Bicycles and a girl with a pitcher in Mustard (Sarson) Fields - Pictures of Pakistani Villages

A Village Farmer in the Lush Green Vegetable Fields

Pakistani Village Life, Photos of Pakistani Villages: A Village Farmer in the lush green vegetable Fields - Pictures of Pakistani Villages

Wheat Crop: A farmer working in the wheat fields.

Pakistani Village Pictures: A farmer working in the wheat fields - Photos of Pakistani Villages

Sugarcane CropRipe sugarcane crop in a Pakistani village.

Photos of Pakistani villages - Ripe sugarcane crop

Ready to be Picked Ripe Corn Crop

Pakistani Village Life, Photos of Pakistani Villages: Ready to be picked ripe corn crop in a Pakistani Village - Pictures of Pakistani Villages

Tobacco Crop in Village Sehjokay, Tehsil Sambrial, District Sialkot. Photo taken on 17 May 2014 by Maj (R) Javed Arshad Khan Manj.

Pakistani Village Pictures: Tobacco crop in a village - Photos of Pakistani Villages

A Farmer is Harvesting Strawberries

Pakistani Village Photos: A farmer is harvesting ripe red strawberries - Pictures, Photos of Pakistani Villages

A Peasant With His Rich Harvest of Brinjals (Eggplant)

Pakistani Village Photos: A happy peasant standing near his plentiful harvest of Brinjals (Eggplant) - Pictures, Photos of Pakistani Villages

Women Working in the Fields

Photos of Pakistani villages - Women working in fields in a Pakistani village

A Village House during Rain.

Thirsty, But Disciplined, Goats and Lambs Drinking Water

Pakistani Village Pictures: Thirsty goats and lambs drinking water from a small stream in a disciplined line at a Pakistani village - Pakistani Village Photos, Images

A Village House in Kohat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province. Animals are eating fodder in the compound and clothes are strung on the washing line.

Pakistani Village Photos: Animals and clothes on washing line in a compound of a Village house in Kohat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province - Pictures, Photos of Pakistani Villages

A Village in PunjabEvery farmer has enough live stock to cater for his family’s need and also sell the surplus milk to earn some money.

Cattle (Live Stock) in a Typical Village in Punjab

Photos of Villages in Pakistan: Photos of cows, buffaloes and goats  (Live Stock) in a typical village in Punjab, Pakistan

Buffaloes in a Village

Photos of Pakistani villages - Buffaloes in a Pakistani village

A Farmer Having Lunch in the Fields

Pakistani Village Photos: A farmer having lunch in the fields - Pictures, Photos of Pakistani Villages

Two Villagers Smoking Huqqa in the Fields 

Pakistani Village Life, Photos of Pakistani Villages: Two Villagers smoking huqqa in the Fields near two bulls - Pictures of Pakistani Villages

Farmers Relaxing and Smoking Huqqa

Pakistani Village Life: Farmers relaxing and smoking huqqa - Photos of Pakistani Villages, Pictures of Pakitani Villages

An Old Man Smoking Huqqa near his Live Stock

Pakistani Village Life: An old man smoking 'Huqqa' near his live stock - Photos of Pakistani Villages, Pictures of Pakitani Villages

A Villager is Smoking Huqqa While Riding on a Bicycle

Pakistani Village Life: A Villager is smoking 'Huqqa' while riding on a bicycle - Photos of Pakistani Villages, Pictures of Pakitani Villages

Shepherds with Their Herd of Sheep

Photos of villages in Pakistan - Two Shepherds with their herd of sheep

Village Shepherds Relaxing on Charpoys

Pakistani Village Life: Village shepherds relaxing on Charpoys - Photos of Pakistani Villages, Pictures of Pakitani Villages

A Village Milkman with his Milk Pots and Bicycle

Pakistani Village Life, Photos of Pakistani Villages: A Village Milkman with his milk pots and bicycle - Pictures of Pakistani Villages

Milking a Buffalo

A Traditional Bricks Kiln-October 2010.  Along New Bypass Mangla. Photo by A. Ahmed Khan.

A Mud House in a Village. He owns a car too, Masha Allah.

Another Village in Punjab

A Villager Cutting Fodder in a Toka Machine for the Animals 

Pakistani Village Life: A Villager cutting fodder in a Toka Machine for the animals - Photos of Pakistani Villages, Pictures of Pakitani Villages

A Well in a Village. A traditional well being run by an ox with  covered eyes.

Another Well in a Village

Two Villagers at a Well

Pakistani Village Life: Two villagers at a well - Photos of Pakistani Villages, Pictures of Pakitani Villages

A Village MosqueA small village mosque and over head clouds.

photos of Pakistani villages - A Pakistani village mosque and over head clouds

A Tractor in the Fields

Photos of Pakistani villages: A tractor plowing in the fields and a man throwing seeds

A Tractor With Sun in the Background

Photos of Pakistani villages - A tractor with sun in the background

A Tractor Carrying Fresh Fodder in a Village in Punjab

Photos of Pakistani villages - A tractor carrying fresh fodder in a village in Punjab

A Village School in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Village children studying in a school housed in a mud room without roof School in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

A Little Boy Playing ‘Gulli Danda’ in a VillageA game which doesn’t cost a penny.

Pakistani Village Life: A little boy playing Gulli Danda in a Village - Photos of Pakistani Villages, Pictures of Pakitani Villages

Celebrations After Winning a Dog Fight Tournament 

Pakistani Village Pictures: Villagers are dancing after winning a Dog Fight Tournament. A man has picked up the winner dog - Pakistani Village Photos, Images

Villagers Watch a Dog Fight Tournament near village Lora, AbbottabadPhoto by Farooq Naeem/AFP/Getty Images.

Pakistani Village Pictures: Villagers keenly watch a Dog Fight Tournament near village Lora, Abbottabad  - Pakistani Village Photos, Images

A Village ‘Swimming Pool’. They don’t need any swimming costume. They just jump into the water with their clothes on to beat the heat.

Another “Swimming Pool” in a Village. Here thety are neither pushed about swimming gear nor any clothes. The kid seems to be an expert diver.

A Village in Sindh Surrounded by Flood Water

Chaati

Chaati ka Makhan aur Lassi. The lassi (Buttermilk) is very nourishing and also protect the people from ill effects of heat.

Cleaning Day by a Milkman in a Village. Who says that milkmen don’t clean their pots? This guy has thoroughly cleaned the utensils and hanged them for drying in the sun.

Dish Washing in the Village House. Even pots for use in the house are cleaned properly and dried.

A Village in Punjab in 1940s 

Pakistani Village Old Pictures: A village in Punjab in 1940s - Old Photos of Pakistani Villages

Old Photo of a Well in a Village in Sindh, 1924Photo by Abaraphobia.

Pakistani Village Pictures: Rare photo of a well in a village in Sindh, 1924 - Pakistani Village Photos, Images

A Date Orchard and Houses in a village in Sindh, 1890

Pakistani Village Pictures: Rare photo of a date orchard and houses in a village in Sindh, 1890 - Pakistani Village Photos, Images

Tandoor تندور

گاوں کا تندور

گاوں کے تندور کو گاوں کا سب سے بڑا نیوز نیٹ ورک بھی سمجھا جاتا ہے

ہر گاوں میں تندور ہوتا ہے جس پر گاوں کی خواتین جا کر روٹیاں لگواتی ہیں آج گھروں میں چھوٹے تندور لگ گئے ہیں گاوں کے بڑے تندوروں پر خواتین

کی تعداد کم ہوتی جا رہی ہے

اگر کچھ سال پیچھے جائیں تو جب سورج غروب ہونے کو ہوتا تھا تو ہر گھر سے خاتون سر پر گوندھا ہوا آٹا اٹھائے تندور کی طرف جاتی اور راستے میں محلے کی دوسری اپنی پہچان والی عورتوں کو اپنے ساتھ ملا کر باتیں کرتی ہنسی مذاق کرتی تندور پر پہنچ جاتی تھی تندور کے بھی کچھ قاعدے قانون ہوتے تھے

جو پہلے پہنچتی اسے پہلے روٹیاں لگا کر دی جاتی ہاں اگر گھر میں کوئی مہمان

ہوتا یہ اور کوئی مجبوری ہوتی تو نمبر پہلے بھی لگ جاتا

تندور پر خاموشی سے بیٹھنے کی کسی کو اجازت نہ ہوتی اگر کوئی چند لمہوں کے لیے خاموش رہتی تو باقی کی ساری خواتین کی توجہ اسکی طرف ہو جاتی

گھریلو جھگڑوں کو گھروں تک ہی محدود رکھنا لازم ہوتا تندور پر آکر سب ایک

جیسی ہوتی

پورے محلے یا پورے گاوں کی عورتیں تندور پر اکھٹی ہوتی سب کی زبان پر گھریلو اور ذاتی باتوں کے قصے ہوتے عورتیں اپنے دل کی باتیں ایک دوسرے کے ساتھ بیان کرکے دل کابوجھ ہلکا کرتی سارے دن کی جو باتیں جو خبریں جو قصے ہوتے ایک دوسرے سے بیان کرتی۔اس طرح اگر کسی گھر میں کوئی بیمار ہوتا یا کوئی مصیبت میں ہوتا تو اسکا بھی سب کو پتا چلتا اور لوگ اس کی مدد کرتے۔خواتین کی بھی انٹرٹینمنٹ ہو جاتی تھی خواتین کی زندگی کے جو چھوٹے موٹے مسائل ہوتے ان کے حل کے مشورے انکو مفت تندور سے ہی مل جاتے تھے۔مگر پھر اچانک زمانہ بدلنا شروع ہوا گھر سے باہر کے حالات خواتین کے لیے نامناسب ہونے لگے جس کی وجہ سے زیادہ تر خواتین نے گھروں سے باہر نکلنا چھوڑ دیا اور چھوٹے تندور گھروں میں لگا کر گھر تک محدود ہو گئی زمانے کے ساتھ یہ تبدیلی ٹھیک ہے مگر اس تبدیلی کی وجہ سے خواتین کو وہ انٹرٹینمنٹ نہیں مل پاتی ایک دوسرے کے ہاں آنا جانا کم ہونے سے گھریلو مسائل جن کا حل پڑوسی ہی کر دیتے تھے یہ سب ختم ہوتا جا رہا ہے آج بھی زیادہ ترعورتیں تندور کے زمانے کو سنہری زمانہ قرار دیتی ہیں

 

 

عامرعرفان جوئیہ

 

Kumhar کمہار

کمہار کو پنجاب میں اکثر گھمیار بهی کہا جاتا هے ـ یه کوزه گر اور اینٹیں پکانے والا هے ـ حصار اور سرسا میں اس کی کافی تعداد ملی ـ وهاں اوردامن کوه اور وسطی اضلاح میں وه اکثر کاشتکار هے ـ زیریں دریائے سنده پر ان کی کچھ تعداد نے آپنا اندراج بطور جٹ کرایا ـ کمہار رواجی معاوضه لے کرخدمات سر انجام دینے والا حقیقی خدمت گذار ہے جن کے بدلے میں کمہار گھریلو استعمال کے لئیے مٹی کے تمام برتن اور (جہاںرہٹ استعمال هوتا هے)مٹی کی ٹنڈیں بهی فراہم کرتا ہے ـ پنجاب کي ذاتوں میں صرف کمہارہی گدهے پالتا ہےاور گاؤں کي حدود میں اناج کی نقل حمل کرنا اور اس کے بدلے میں اپنے موّکلوں سےدیگر اشیاء مثلاَ بیج یا کهانا لے کر آنا اس کا کاروبار هے ـ لیکن کمہار اناج گاؤں کے باہربلا معاوضه لے کر نہیں جاتا ـ گاؤں اور قصبات میں کمہار چهوٹا موٹا حمال هے ـ بعد میں وه مٹی کهاد کوئله اور اینٹیں بهی لادنے اور لے کر جانے کا کام کرنے لگا ـ اس کا مذہب علاقے کاغالب مذہب هی نظر آتا هے ـ کمہار کی سماجی حثیت بہت پست ہےهی ـ کیونکه گدهے جیسے ناپاک جانور کے ساتھ اس کا موروثی تعلق اس کو بهی آلوده کر دیتا هےـ گدها چیچک کی دیوی سیتلا کا مقدس جانور ہے ـ اس طرح کهاد اور کوڑا کرکٹ لے جانے پر اس کی آمادگی بهی اس کم حثیت بنانے کا سبب ہے ـوه پنجاب کا خشت ساز بهی ہے کیونکه صرف وهی بھٹوں کا کام سمجهتا هے ـ کوزے اور اینٹیں پکانے کے لئے بطور ایندهن جلانے میں کوڑاکرکٹ استعمال هونے کی وجه سے اس کا تعلق غلاظت سے بهی هو گیا هے ـ مجهے یقین ہے که کمہار سانچے والی اینٹیں بهی بناتا هے لیکن سوکهی مٹی سے گاؤں میں تیار کی جانے والي عام اینٹیں عموماَقلی یا چمار بناتا ہے ـ کوزه گر بهی کہا جاتا هے ـ(Kiln burner)کمہار کو پزاواگر اور موخرالذکر اصطلاح کا استعمال عام طور پر صرف ان کے لئیے ہوتا ہےجو نہایت عمده قسم کے برتن بناتے هیں ـ سرحد پر کمہار گلگو نظر آتا هے ـ ہندو اور مسلمان کمہار دونوں پائے جاتے هیں ـ ہندو کمہار کو پرجا پتی یعنی خالق دیوتا بهی کہاجاتا ہے ـ کیونکه کمہار مٹی سے چیزیں تخلیق کرتا هے ـ نابها میں کمہار برہما کی نسل سے ہونے کا دعوی کرتے هیں ـ رام ذات کا رانگڑ ، کرشن ایک آهیر ،برہما ایک کمہار اور شیو ایک فقیر ـ کہانی یوں هے که ایک مرتبی برهما نے آپنے بیٹوں میں کچھ گنے تقسیم کئے ـ کمہار کے سوا سب نے آپنے آپنے حصے کا گنّا کها لیا ،لیکن کمہار نے اسے ایک مٹی بهرے برتن میں لگا کر پانی دیا جس نے جڑ پکڑ لی ـ کچھ ریز بعدبرهما نے بیٹوں سے کنّے بارے پوچها تو صرف کمہار هي اسے گنّا دونے کے قابل هو سکا ـ تب برهما نے خوش هو کر کمہار کو پرجا پتی یعنی دنیا کی شان کا لقب دیا ـ لیکن برهما کے دیگر ٩ بیٹوں کو بهی خطابات ملے ـ ایک روایت بهگت کُبا کو کمہاروں کا جدامجد بتاتی هے ـ دہلی کے کمہار سبهی دیوتاؤں اور اولیاء کی عبادت کرتے هیں ـ وه شادیوں کے موقع پربهی پیروں کو کچھ نذر کرتے هیں ـ ڈیره غازی خان کے کمہار ،جوسب کے سب مسلمان هیں ،تونسه پیر کو مانتے هیں ـ لاہور کے کمہار ہولی کا تہوار دیگر ذاتوں هي کي طرح دهوم دهام سے مناتےهیں ـ مسلمان کمہاروں کے دو علاقائی گروپ بهی هیں جنڈ نابها اور ملیر کوٹله میں دیسي اور ملتانی ـ دیسی عورتیں سیتلا کو مانتی هیں لیکن ملتانی عورتیں نہیں ـ گورداس پور میں پنجابی اور کشمیری کمہار ، سیالکوٹ اور گجرات میں کشمیری اور دیسی کمہار هیں ـ مسلمان کمہاروں کے کوئی ذیاده اهم پیشه ورانه گروپ نہیں هیں ، ماسوائے گجرات کے کلالوں کے جو پیشے کے اعتبار سے گانے ناچنے والے هیں اور کمہاروں کي شادیوں پر خدمات انجام دیتے هیں ـ آگرچه دیگر کمہار انہیں به نظر حقارت دیکهتے هیں ،مگر انہیں آپني بیٹیوں کے رشتے بهی دے دیتے هیں ـ میانوالی کے کمہار برتن سازی کے ساتھ ساتھ کاشت کاری بهی کرتے هیں،اور چند ایک کوّیے اور زمیندار قبیلوں کے مغنی بهی هیں ـ لیّه کے کمہار جلال باقری کی نسل سے هونے کا دعوی کرتے هیں ـ گوجرانواله میں کمہار پیغمبر دانی ایل پر یقین اور کام شروع کرنے سے پہلے اسی کا نام لیتے هیں ـ لباس کے حوالے سے بهی مختلف علاقوں کے کمہاروں میں فرق پایا جاتا ہے ـ کانگڑا میں ہندو دیسي کمہار عورتیں سونے کی نتهلی پہنتی هیں ـ مالیر کوٹله میں مسلمان ملتانی کمہار عورتیں آپنے پاجاموں کے اُوپرایک لمبا چولا زیب تن کرتی هیں جو کمر تک آتا هے ـ ملتان میں همدو اترادهی خواتین ناک میں نتھ پہننے کی عادی هیں ـ مسلمان ذیاده تر ملتانی کمہار عورتیں ساری ذندگی پیراہن یا چولا پہنتي هیں ـ میانوالی تحصیل میں لڑکیاں شادی کے بعد چولا پہنتی هیں ـ
موجودہ دور میں کمیار قوم نے بہت ترقی کی ہیں خاص طور پر پنجاب پاکستان کے ضلع منڈی بہاوالدین میں انکی کافی تعداد پائی جاتی ہے اور کاروباری پیشہ سے منسلک ہیں

About Punjab

Since time immemorial Punjab has been primarily an agricultural land. People here are rough and tough when it comes to physical work but they are quite lively otherwise. The culture of Punjab is very rich and the people are so attached to their land that they have still preserved their tradition in it’s very original form. Punjab has seen many ups and downs since it’s origin yet it has survived all odds because of it’s unity. Punjab is well knit as one unit by the yarn of unity and it’s people are bound together by a common tradition since ages.
 
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The old houses of traditional Punjab are worth seeing as they depict the art of the people of this land of cultural heritage. The spacious houses and high roofs show the architectural sense of the Punjabis. The doors and windows of the big havelis were the main attractions. .

 
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Traditionally Punjab has been a land of agriculture. It is a storehouse of grains. The fertile plains of this region and the hardworking Punjabis together make Punjab an agriculturally rich state.
 
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Punjab was a rich state in the good olden days. It was healthy and wealthy. The people of Punjab believed in eating, drinking and merry-making. They found pleasure in everything they did. The utensils used in those days were made of copper and silver with lots of work done on them which made them decorative and ornated. These were an important part of their lives and each utensil was a live example of the artistic skills of the Punjabis.
 
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Traditionally Punjabis have been quite hardworking. While men were out in the fields, the women folk of Punjab involved themselves in the daily chores of the household and did almost everything themselves. If one happened to peep into a village of Punjab during the day, one would see the women folk busy with vivid household work. Though advancing technology has made work easier and faster, yet we can still trace women doing most of their work in the traditional style.

 
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History of Punjab

پنجاب کا لفظ ابن بطوطہ کی تحریروں میں ملتا ہے جو اُن نے 14ویں صدی عیسوی میں اس علاقے کا دورہ کرنے ہوئے لکھی، اس کا وسیع پیمانے پر استعمال سولہویں صدی کے دوسرے حصے کی کتاب ”تاریخ شیر شاہ سوری“ میں ملتا ہے، جس میں پنجاب کے شیر خان کے قلعے کی تعمیر کے حوالے سے ملتا ہے۔اس سے پہلے پنجاب جیسا تذکرہ مہابھارت کے قصے کہانیوں میں بھی ہے جو پنجا ندا (پانچ ندیاں) کے حوالے سے ہے۔اس کے بعد آئین اکبری میں ابو الفصل نے لکھا ہے کہ یہ علاقہ دو حصوں میں منقسم تھا، لاہور اور ملتان۔ اس آئین اکبری کے دوسرے حصے میں ابوالفصل نے پنجاب کو پنجند لکھا ہے۔ اس کے علاوہ مغل بادشاہ جانگیر نے اپنی تزک جانگیری میں پنجاب کا لفظ استعمال کیا ہے۔پنجاب کا لفظ فارسی کے پنج یعنی پانچ اور آب یعنی پانی سے ماخوڈ ہے۔ یعنی پانچ دریاؤں کی سرزمین ۔یہ وہ پانچ دریا ہے جو اس علاقے میں بہتے ہیں۔آج کل ان میں سے تین دریا تو مکمل طور پر پاکستانی پنجاب کے علاقوں میں بہتے ہیں۔ جبکہ دو دریاؤں کے مرکز بھارتی پنجاب سے ہو کر آتے ہیں۔

Punjab (the land of five rivers) is the biggest land area of Pakistan and is popularly known for its culture. It shares most of its cultural and carnival values with Indian culture. According to population, 56% of the total population of the country is situated in Punjab Province. It has a total of 36 districts and contributes approximately 50-60 % of the economy.

Punjabi Culture is one of the oldest in world history, dating from ancient antiquity to the modern era. The scope, history, complexity and density of the culture are vast. Some of the main areas of the Punjabi culture include: Punjabi cuisine, philosophy, poetry, artistry, music, architecture, traditions and values and history. Some cities of Punjab have more importance for Sikh community from India. The founder of Sikh religion was born in Nankana Sahib, a district of Punjab so Sikh from different parts of world come and visits Punjab. Jahngir tomb and Badshahi Masjid in Lahore are the important places of Pakistan. Data Sahib is very scared place in Punjab and most of the people come and visit Data sahib every year.

 

People

Punjabi people are very warm hearted and fun loving. Punjabis are heterogeneous group comprising of different tribes, clans, communities and are known to celebrate each and every tradition of their culture. People of Punjab have strong beliefs on pir-faqeers, jogi, taweez, manat-ka-dhaga, saint of repute, black magic, and other superstitions, however recently due to increase of literacy, people have become somewhat rational . Punjabis also believe in cast system but as now people are getting educated, the differences are getting blurred. Some popular casts of Punjabi’s are; Jats, Maliks, Mughals, Arains, Gujjars, Awans, Rajputs, Gakhars, Khokhars, Sheikhs, Aheers, Kambohs, Niazis, Legharis, Khosas, Dogars, Thaheem, Mirani, Qureshis, and Syeds.

In villages’ people usually live in small communities (biradaris), however they live in peace and harmony with each other. They take active part in the happiness/grieve of each other and give a great deal of respect to their culture, norms and run their lives according to their set traditions. Punjabi people are famous for their hospitable and loving nature.

 

Languages

Punjabi is the provincial language of Punjab. It is spoken as the first language by majority people in Punjab, even spoken and understood in areas beyond the confines of Punjab. Facts and figures show that Punjabi language is spoken as first language by 44% of Pakistanis. Urdu language is also commonly spoken in this region. Key Punjabi languages/dialects are:

  • Pothowari
  • Hindko
  • Jhangvi
  • Shahpuri
  • Pahari
  • Majhi
  • Saraiki

Dresses

Costumes of Punjab are an indication of the bright and vibrant culture and lifestyle of the people.

The costumes are a mix of colours, comfort and beauty and Punjab is well known for the use of phulkari(embroidery) in its costumes. In most of the villages of Punjab men wear Pagri(turban), dhoti/lacha, kurta, khusa. Women wear gharara, or choridar pajama or colorful shalwar kameez, paranda, choli/duppata, khusa, kola puri chappal or tillay wali jutti. Whereas in urban areas of Punjab men and women follow latest trends and fashion, generally they wear different styles of shalwar kameez.

 

Cuisine

The extensive cuisine of Punjab can be vegetarian and non-vegetarian. One commonality between all Punjabi dishes is the liberal usage of ghee or clarified butter spices and Punjabis are fond of sweet-meats also. Most Punjabi food is eaten with either rice or roti. There are some dishes that are exclusive to Punjab such as Mah Di Dal, Paratha, Makai ki rotti, Saron Da Saag, and in cities Choley, Haleem, Baryani and other spicy dishes are popular. In beverages, tea is consumed in all seasons and as a custom most of Punjabis serve tea to their guests. Punjabis are also fond of Zarda, Gulab-Jamuns, Kheer, Jalaibi,Samosy, Pakorey etc. During summers people drink lassi, doodh-soda, aloo bokharey ka sharbat, lemonade etc.  These cuisines have become world-wide delicacies with large scale representation.

 

Sports

Punjabi people have fanatical interest in sports. Punjabi’s are fond of kabaddi, and wrestling, which is also popular in other parts of Pakistan and it’s also played on national level. Other games being played in Punjab region include Gilli-Danda, Khoo-Khoo, Yassu-Panju, Pitho-Garam, Ludo, Chuppan-Chupai, Baraf-Panni, Kanchy and some major sports include cricket, boxing, horse-racing, hockey and football. National Horse and Cattle Show at Lahore is the biggest festival where sports, exhibitions, and livestock competitions are held.

 

Cultural Festivals

There are numerous festivals which are celebrated by Punjabi people including some religious festivals such as Eid-Milad-Un-Nabi, Jumu’ah, Laylat-ul-Qadr etc. Urcs (devotional fairs),which are held at the shirnes of sufi saints, Melas and Nomaish (exhibitions).The Provincial capital Lahore is widely popular for its entertaining events and activities. Lahori’s are famous all over the country for their celebrations particularly for Basant festival (kite flying) in the spring season. Other festivals celebrated in Punjab region include Baisakhi, Teej, Kanak Katai etc.

 

Dance and Music

Bhangra is most commonly known Punjabi music genre and dance style. Punjabis passionately love folk songs/music, Qawali and Punjabi music is recognized throughout the world. The Tabla, Dhol, Dholki, Chimta, Flute and Sitar are all common instruments of this delightful culture. Punjabi dance is based around happiness, energy and enthusiasm.Different forms of dance in Punjab are: Loddi, Dhamal, Sammi, Kikli, Gatka, Bhangra, Giddha and Dandiya. Punjabi dances have been embraced by the American culture and others alike and now they are one of the most appreciated art forms.

 

Custums and Rituals

Some of the customs followed in Punjab have no foundation in Islam. However, the Punjabi culture has adopted those ceremonies and traditions from Hindu culture.

Birth Rituals

Punjabis celebrate birth of their child with great enthusiasm. Grandfather or grandmother or some respected elder member from the family puts honey with their index finger in child’s mouth called Ghutii. Sweets are distributed among friends and relatives and people bring gifts for the child and mother. Generally on 7thday child’s head is shaven and Aqiqa ceremony is held, also sheep/goat is slaughtered.

Punjabi Weddings

Punjabi weddings are based on traditions and are conducted with strong reflection of the Punjabi culture followed by several pre-wedding customs and rituals (dholki,mayun,ubtan etc.)Punjabi weddings are very loud, energetic, full of music,colors, fancy-dresses, food and dancing. Punjabi weddings have many customs and ceremonies that have evolved since traditional times. In cities the wedding are celebrated following a blend of modern and traditional customs and the ceremony generally lasts for 3days, Mehndi, Barat (Nikkah+Ruksati) and Walima, followed by Chauti (bringing the bride back to her parents’ home the next day).

Funeral Rituals

At funerals after namaz-e-janaza it is customary to offer lunch to people who came for condolence. On 3rdday of the funeral, Qul is held and every following thursday the Quran is recited (jumah-e-raat) followed by prayers for deceased and after 40days the chaliswaan is held. After which the funeral is over. Some families observe anniversaries yearly (barsi).There is no formal dress code for Punjabi funerals however people mostly wear shalwar kameez and casual clothing is observed. Funerals of Shia families are more intense. Both men and women wear black shalwar-kameez and rigorous crying and screaming is a common occurrence at such funerals.

Literature

Punjab is very rich with literature and Sufis adds more in its literature. Punjabi poetry is renowned for its extremely deep meaning, beautiful and hopeful use of words. The large number of Punjabi poetry is being translated throughout the world into many languages. Some famous poets of Punjabi are Sultan Bahu, Mia Mohammad Baksh, Baba Farid, Shah Hussain, Anwar Masood etc. Waris Shah, whose contribution to Punjabi literature is best-known for his seminal work in Heer Ranjha, known as Shakespeare of Punjabi language.  Bulleh Shah was a Punjabi Sufi poet, a humanist and a philosopher. The verse from Bulleh Shah primarily employed is called the Kafi, a style of Punjabi. Some other popular folk tales of Punjab include Sassi-Punnu, Sohni Mahiwal etc. that are passing through generations.

 

Arts and Crafts

Punjab is the major manufacturing industry in Pakistan’s economy and here each art enjoys a place of its own. The main crafts created in the highlands and other rural areas of Punjab are basketry, pottery, which are famous for their modern and traditional designs all over the world and are included in the best formations of Punjabis. bone work, textile, cloth woven on handlooms with stunning prints is embroidered in the rural-areas and the weavers produce colorful cloths like cotton,silk etc. embroidery, weaving, carpets, stone craft, jewelry, metal work along with truck art and other wood works. The craft of Punjab is its fundamental soul and its craft create its entity.

List of cities in Punjab (Pakistan)

Ahmadpur East
Ahmed Nager Chatha
Ali Khan Abad
Alipur
Arifwala
Attock
Bhera
Bhalwal
Bahawalnagar
Bahawalpur
Bhakkar
Burewala
Chillianwala
Chakwal
Chack Jhumra
Chichawatni
Chiniot
Chishtian
Daska
Davispur
Darya Khan
Dera Ghazi Khan
Dhaular
Dina
Dinga
Dipalpur
Faisalabad
Fateh Jang
Ghakhar Mandi
Gojra
Gujranwala
Gujrat
Gujar Khan
Hafizabad
Haroonabad
Hasilpur
Haveli Lakha
Jalalpur Jattan
Jampur
Jaranwala
Jhang
Jhelum
Kalabagh
Karor Lal Esan
Kasur
Kamalia
Kāmoke
Khanewal
Khanpur
Khanqah Sharif
Kharian
Khushab
Kot Adu
Jauharabad
Lahore
Lalamusa
Layyah
Liaquat Pur
Lodhran
Malakwal
Mamoori
Mailsi
Mandi Bahauddin
Mian Channu
Mianwali
Multan
Murree
Muridke
Mianwali Bangla
Muzaffargarh
Narowal
Nankana Sahib
Okara
Renala Khurd
Pakpattan
Pattoki
Pir Mahal
Qaimpur
Qila Didar Singh
Rabwah
Raiwind
Rajanpur
Rahim Yar Khan
Rawalpindi
Sadiqabad
Safdarabad
Sahiwal
samundri
Sangla Hill
Sarai Alamgir
Sargodha
Shakargarh
Sheikhupura
Sialkot
Sohawa
Soianwala
Siranwali
Tandlianwala
Talagang
Taxila
Toba Tek Singh
Vehari
Wah Cantonment
Wazirabad
Zafarwal