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Great Personalities of Dist

sajid Kazmi

PhD Corporate Social Responsibility and Trade Unions

Middlesex University Business School, UK

Sep. 2007 – Sep. 2011

MA Corporate Social Responsibility

Business School, The University of Nottingham, UK

Sep. 2004 – Sep. 2005

¨MSc Economics

Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.Jan. 1988 to Mar. 1990

¨BA EconomicsIslamic Studies and Persian

The University of Punjab, Lahore, PakistanSep. 1985 to Sep. 1987

Work Experience

Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI), Islamabad, Pakistan

¨ConsultantApril 2006 to Aug. 2007

¨Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad

Visiting LecturerFrom Jun. 2006 June 2007

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Geneva, Switzerland

¨ConsultantNov. 2005 to Mar. 2006

Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI), Islamabad, Pakistan

¨Coordinator AdvocacyMay 2003 to Aug. 2004

Children’s Resources International (CRI), Karachi

¨ Program ManagerSep. 2002 to Sep 2003

Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI), Islamabad, Pakistan.

¨Head Survey Research UnitMarch 2001 to Aug. 2002

Research AssociateMar. 1998 to Feb. 2001

Research Assistant Feb. 1996 to Feb. 1998

Visiting Fellow at the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) at the University of Sussex, Brighton, UKMay 26 to Aug. 2, 2000

¨Fauji Foundation College, Rawalpindi

Lecturer in EconomicsAug. 1991 to Feb. 1996

Honorary Assignment

¨Lead Author, International Assessment of Agricultural Science and Technology for Development (IAASTD) on Chapter 3 of Central and West Asia and North Africa (CWANA) Sub Global AssessmentApril 2006 to Jan. 2008

 

 

Projects conducted during my stay at SDPI

M & E Related

I. “Appraisal of evaluation of the World Bank funded Rural Water Supply & Sanitation Programme”, for The World Bank, Washington D.C.

II. “Benchmark and annual participatory monitoring and evaluation Project Pakistan” for Human DevelopmentFoundation of North America (HDFNA).

This was a two year project where we worked with the communitiesdid benchmarking and based on theseestimatesdeveloped performance indicatorsconducted formal surveys, and impact evaluation of healtheducation, and credit programme of HDF

Gender related

III. “Outsourcing of manufacturing to householdsSubcontracted Home-Based Work by women and children” forUNICEF and Innocenti research Centre, Florence, Italy.

IV. “Qualitative Assessment of PovertyGender based non-economic dimensions of poverty”, for The World Bank, Washington D.C.

XI. Socio-economic impact assessment of Afghan refugees with a special focus to women, on the refugee hostingareas”, for The United Nations High Commission for refugees.

General

XI. Qualitative assessment of Regional Technical Assistance (RETA) of the Forestry Sector Project of The AsianDevelopment Bank (ADB).

II. “Trade and Environmental Impacts of Textiles and Leather Manufacturing in Pakistan”, for IDRC, Canada.

III. “A comparative institutional analysis of Govt., NGO and Private Schools in Pakistan” for The Asia Foundation.

IV. “Political economy of the government schooling system in rural Pakistan” for The London School of Economics (LSE).

VI. “Global standards and local upgradation: A case study of surgical instrument and soccer ball manufacturers of Sialkot”,for The Institute of Development Studies, (IDS), The University of Sussex, The United Kingdom.

VII. 7-Up Project: a comparative study of the competition policy and legislation in seven developing countries ofthe commonwealthfor The Department for International Development (DFID), The UK.

VIII. Representation in Decentralized GovernanceCountry study of Pakistan, UNDP Governance Programme.

Consultancy Work

Provided consultancy services to various international organizations including The World Bank, UNICEF, WFP, UNEP, ILO and did PRA and developed village NRM Plans for Concern World Wide Afghanistan and German Agro Action in TakharProvince Afghanistan.

Publications

♦Khan, S. R. and Kazmi, S. (2008). “Value chains in the informal sectorincome shares of home-based sub-contractedworkers in Pakistan”, International Review of Applied Economics, Vo. 2, No. 1, forthcoming

♦Khan, S. R., Kazmi, S. and Rifaqat, Z. (2007). “Harnessing social capital for rural development”, Palgrave MacMillan, New York

♦Khan, S. R., Khattak, S. G. and Kazmi, S. (2005). “Hazardous home based sub-contracted work: a study of multiple tiered exploitation”, Oxford University Press, Karachi, Pakistan.

¨    Khan S. R., Kazmi, S. and Latif, Z. (2005). “A comparative institutional analysis of government, NGO and private rural primary schooling in Pakistan”, The European Journal of Development Research, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 199-223

Kazmi, S. (2005) “Corporate Social Responsibility in Pakistan: The case of Pakistan”, Trade Insight, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 9-10

♦Khan S. R., Kazmi, S and Ahmad, Z. (2002). “Structural adjustment and food security in Pakistan: an aggregate analysis,” Eds. Shiva, V. and Gitanjali Bedi, Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security: The Impact of Globalisation, SAGE Publisher, New Delhi.

♦Khan S. R. et al. (2002). “Environmental impacts and mitigation costs: the case of Pakistan’s cloth and leather exports, ed. Khan, S. R., Trade and Environment: Difficult Policy Choices at the Interface, ZED Publishers, London

♦Khan S. R. and Kazmi, S. (1998). “Structural adjustment and health in Pakistan,” The Lahore Journal of Economics, Vol. 3, No. 2, Lahore

♦Khan S. R. et. al. (1998). “Latent demand and social mobilization as determinants of rural water supply scheme sustainability: a comparative analysis,” SDPI Monograph Series # 3, SDPI, Islamabad, Pakistan

Important Conferences/Seminars attended

¨   Attended Southern Seminar on the WTO Millennium Round Oct. 18 – 22, 1999, Arusha, Tanzania organized by MS Danish Association for Development, HIVOS The Netherlands, KEPPA, Finland and CUTS, India.

¨   The launch meeting of the Global Development Network “Bridging the Gap between Knowledge and Policy” at Bonn, Germany from Dec. 5 – 8, 1999.

¨      Task Team Meetings of Advocacy and Statistical Indicators of Poverty at The World Bank Headquarter, Washington D.C., from May 21-23, 2001.

¨   The second Prep-Com for the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) at the United Nations Headquarters, New York from Jan. 27 to Feb 8, 2002.

¨   5th Ministerial Meeting of the World Trade Organization (WTO) at Cancun, Quintana Roo, Mexico from Sep. 10-14, 2003

¨   UNCTAD XI held at Sao Paulo, Brazil, from June 11 – 19, 2004

TRAININGS

¨      Attended a Course on “Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction: Theory, Evidence and Implications for South Asia” at Katmandu, Nepal from Sep. 20 – Oct. 1, 1999, organized by the World Bank Institute, SAARC and Nepal Planning Commission.

¨      Attended a training course on “Environmental and Natural Resource Economics” at BRAC Centre, Dhaka, Bangladesh from April 29 – May 16, 2002, jointly organized by the World Bank Institute, South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics (SANDEE) and Bangladesh Environment, Economics and Poverty Programme (BEEPP).

COMPUTER SKILLS

Programming:COBOL

Operating Systems:MS DOS, Windows 3.1, 95 and 98, 2000

Word Processing:Word Perfect, MS Office including MSWord

Spreadsheet Packages:Lotus123, Microsoft Excel

Statistical Packages:SPSS, TSP, Microfit386, Microfit 4.0

Languages

 English, Urdu, PunjabiSaraikiHindkoPothohariSindhi.

Distinctions

¨   Merit Scholarship in Matric from BISE Rawalpindi.

¨   Graduation Merit Scholarship from The Punjab University, Lahore.

¨   M. Sc. Merit Scholarship from Q. A. U., Islamabad.

¨   ICCSR Scholarship, International Centre for Corporate Social Responsibility, The University of Nottingham, UK

¨   MUBS PhD Studentship, MUBS, London

Membership of professional societies

Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) Network, Pakistan

¨   Farmers Rights and Advocacy Network (FRANK) for South Asia

¨   International Network of Civil Society Organizations on Competition (INCSOC)

¨   Member of the Advocacy & Statistical indicators of Poverty Task team of the OECD-PARIS21

¨   President Staff/Student Consultative Committee of ICCSR, at the University of Nottingham Business School from Sep. 2004-2005

Interests: Traveling, Reading Books

Malak Mohammad Din and family

Assalam-o Alikum everybody, I am Saqib Malik, born in village Mong, aBiotechnologist by profession. I was surfing internet one day when I explored this web site. I am really happy to see the website and I must appreciate the contribution and efforts of the web administrators. I have been asked by the web administration to give my input for this web site. I feel that, it is my responsibility to share with whatever I have, with the people of Pakistan and especially with the people of my district.

I thank Allah Almighty that I belong to a very respected and educated family of Mong. I am also grateful to Almighty that my family has significant contribution for Pakistan. My both maternal and paternal grandfathers were educationists. They taught many persons and helped them to reach their destinations. Malik Ghulam Mohammad my “Nana” is still reminded by his thousands of students, as he was a teacher/ Principal in a school in near locality in British era, many of them are now perhaps at the top level positions..

My father , Dr.Mohmmad Afzal Malik is one of the few Ph.Ds of his time and renowned scientists who did his Ph.D. in mid sixties. He is an example for me and perhaps for the youth of Pakistan especially of the district.

DR. Afzal Malik (My father busy in research at Liverpool ) 1965

 

Below is a brief autobiography of him that I wrote upon the request of Web administration. If these words motivate even a single youth of my land to achieve some thing good I will think that I have received the cost of time that I devoted while writing these words. With my limited vocabulary, and little or no experience of writing, my this effort is only to motivate youth of my village, my district and my country.

“When I sit back and consider the significant events in my past, the underlying theme is “Allah helps those who help themselves”. Constant determination and dedication toward your work is one of the most important prerequisite of success. You need to learn how to achieve your targets while remaining within your limited resources. “I did not develop overnight, it took many years, and hard work. The journey of a simple villager to be a renowned Biochemist is not straight and simple.”Said my father Dr. Mohammad Afzal Malik.

My father was born in early thirties and raised in village Mong, a fertile piece of land in district Mandi Baha ud Din. My grandfather, Malik Mohammad Din, a through gentleman and respected personality was perhaps one of the few Master degree holders of his time and was an educationist by profession. “When you have your elders around with higher achievements, you are under pressure, you need to achieve at least that standard- my father was thus a source of constant inspiration for me.”My father replied when I asked him what the deriving force for his achievements was.

I think I grew more emotionally and intellectually during my early education in Government High School, Mandi Baha-ud-Din then during any other period of time thus far”my father added.

People of the area know that the distance between Mong and Mandi Baha Ud Din is almost 5 Kms or more and my father had to walk all the way from Mong to Mandi to attend his school as at that time there were little or no transport facilities available.

Garden College Rawalpindi attracted many students of the region. My father joined the college and stayed in Rawalpindi till his B.Sc. . “ It was in a sense a way for me to escape what I perceived as end of my education. Garden college provided me rigorous academic environment. I learned how to live independently, how to manage time and how to manage the studies with limited resources” my father said, looking into past.

Constant help of Allah, encouragement from family, especially his elder brother Mohammad Anwer Malik, and his urge to achieve took him to Lahore, where he got admission in Chemistry Department, University of the Punjab and did his Masters.

He began work with PCSIR (Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research – A prime research institute of Pakistan) as research officer. Masters degree was the highest degree in Pakistan in those days but my father was still not satisfied and his wish to excel in the field took him to England for further studies. He was selected for a Ph.D. scholarship in University of Liverpool, England. It is worth mentioning that it was the time when Pakistan being a newly born state was in dire need of scientists and experts.

“ My journey to England was also a memorable thing, the experience to travel via sea in sea ship was new for me. A sea ship contains a world within it. You start living like a family” my father said reminding his travel experience.

He started his research / teaching under supervision of one of the famous scientists – Prof. Marton and with the grace of Allah was able to discover the “Biosynthesis of Co-Enzyme –Q in mammals”. It was really a breakthrough in the field of Biochemistry. Prof. Marten was very happy with the efforts of his student. However, an emotional set back came when my father was informed that my grand father (Malik Mohammad Din) expired just one day before he had to defend his research work against a panel of scientists.

“I was emotionally very upset, knew not how to combat the feelings but latter Allah helped me and I managed to recollect myself. I successfully defended my research and was awarded Ph.D. degree” said my father.

Now was the time to give back to his country , my father came back and started working with PCSIR at a more senior position, gave many new processes to the country, discovered and formulated many things, trained many young scientists and after a service of more than 35 years retired from the services in early nineties.

He is now enjoying his retired life living with his two sons a grand daughter and a grand son.

Chemistry is perhaps the subject of the family, his two brothers, two sons and daughter in law are M.Sc. Chemistry.

A scientist, according to me should never be retired; these highly skilled people become real assets when they go through a rigorous trainings and experience. I suggest that there must be some platform where these scientists and educationists should come and guide the youth. Pakistan is really in need of good pure science experts.

“I am very happy and satisfied we all brothers excelled in their fields,Iqbal Malik as banker,Anwer Malik , me and my younger brother Ashraf Malik as scientists, Arshad Malik and Ajmal Malik as an engineer and Amjad Malik is secretary in federal government after doing CSS. Every body has his own unique story of struggle and achievement.” My father said thanking Allah.

Sufi Muhammad Din Malik

Maulvi Muhammaduddin Awan who was born and educated in the Jalapur Jattan, area of tehsil Gujrat. The editor-proprietor of this once prestigious magazine of the subcontinent, Malik Ahmaddin was born in August, 1881, in a prominent family. His great grandfather Ghulam Rasul and grandfather Allah Bukhsh had held responsible offices in Ranjit Singh’s court. 


In the village Mahuna, since swept away by the river Chenab, Muhammaduddin lost his father and mother at a very young age. He was educated at Chakwal and Jalalpur and somehow developed an interest in history. While at school, he wrote two brief biographies of Maharaja Ranjit Singh and Abdur Rahman Khan, the king of Kabul. The young author sold the rights to the manager of Akhbar-i-Aam for Rs30 and when Muhammaduddin himself became the editor-publisher of Sufi he paid proper royalties to his contributors among whom some of the prominent names were: Akbar Allahabadi, Khwaja Hasan Nizami, Allama Iqbal, Altaf Husain Hali, Syed Suleman Nadvi, Niaz Fatehpuri, Khaleeq Dehlavi, Ghulam Qadir Girami, Seemab Akbarabadi, Mirza Sultan Ahmad, Abdul Haleem Sharar and Nadir Kakaurvi. 

Malik Muhammaduddin was a brilliant student and after the middle examination he was offered financial support and he joined the Islamia School of the Lahore Anjuman-i-Himayat-i-Islam where he developed into a poet and recited his poems at the annual sessions of the anjuman. In Lahore, he unsuccessfully tried to publish a monthly magazine. He then joined the revenue department in Gujrat where the vast areas in Mandi Bahauddin were being brought under the plough after the opening of the canals from Mangla and Rasul. headworks. He came close to the famous sufi of the area, Syed Ghulam Hyder Shah of JalaIpur Sharif. Muhammaduddin was much impressed by Syed Hyder Shah and with his blessings Muhammaduddin Awan wanted to start the publication of the magazine. In the meantime, the Pir died in 1908 and the first issue of Sufi under the name of Syed Hyder Shah appeared in January 1909. The pirs of Jalalpur Sharif supported Muhammaddin in his religious and literary publications. 

The circulation of the Sufi had crossed the 8,000 mark in 1937 and it was claimed that it had surpassed the circulation of any of the Urdu and English monthlies of its time. This claim was certified by the department concerned which had in the past (1919) blacklisted the magazine for its leanings towards the Muslim cause. The Sufi was neither a religious magazine nor a literary one. It published articles from people like Swami Teerath Ram and many other Hindu writers on mystic, social and philosophical themes. 

Politically, the magazine supported parties and personalities struggling for independence. In its earlier stages, the Muslim League was not taken seriously by the magazine. For a long time, it supported the Congress but at a later stages, it opposed Gandhi’s policies. It also published articles in which stress was laid on the fact that the Sikhs were not a part of the Hindu nationality. 

The Sufi played a significant role from 1909 to the fifties when the editor could not pay sufficient attention to the magazine. But what is strange is that in the history of monthly journalism it hardly finds a place and perhaps that is the reason Sibgha has taken pains to write this book about the magazine and its founder-editor who had for a very long time served the cause of the Muslims of the sub-continent. This book consists of two chapters of Sibgha’s thesis for M.Phil which is basically about Allama Iqbal. She has conducted research with special reference to Allama Iqbal.

mustansar hussain tarar مستنصر حسین تارڑ

مستنصر حسین تارڑ یکم مارچ 1939 کو لاہور میں پیدا ہوئے۔ اُن کے والد، رحمت خان تارڑ منڈی بہاوالدین کے ایک کاشت کار گھرانے سے تعلق رکھتے تھے۔ مستنصر صاحب نے اپنے والد سے گہرا اثر قبول کیا۔ بیڈن روڈ پر واقع لکشمی مینشن میں اُن کا بچپن گزرا۔ سعادت حسن منٹو پڑوس میں رہتے تھے۔ وہ مشن ہائی اسکول، رنگ محل اور مسلم ماڈل ہائی اسکول کے طالب علم رہے۔ میٹرک کے بعد گورنمنٹ کالج میں داخلہ لے لیا۔ ایف اے کے بعد برطانیہ کا رخ کیا، جہاں فلم، تھیٹر اور ادب کو نئے زاویے سے سمجھنے، پرکھنے اور برتنے کا موقع ملا۔ پانچ چھے برس وہاں گزرے۔ 1957 میں شوق آوارگی انھیں ماسکو، روس میں ہونے والے یوتھ فیسٹول لے گیا۔ اُس سفر کی روداد 1959 میں ہفت روزہ قندیل میں شایع ہوئی۔ یہ قلمی سفر کا باقاعدہ آغاز تھا۔ پاکستان لوٹنے کے بعد جب اندر کا اداکار جاگا، تو انھوں نے پی ٹی وی کا رخ کیا۔ پہلی بار بہ طور اداکار ”پرانی باتیں“ نامی ڈرامے میں نظر آئے۔ ”آدھی رات کا سورج“ بہ طور مصنف پہلا ڈراما تھا، جو 74ءمیں نشر ہوا۔ آنے والے برسوں میں مختلف حیثیتوں سے ٹی وی سے منسلک رہے۔ جہاں کئی یادگار ڈرامے لکھے، وہیں سیکڑوں بار بہ طور اداکار کیمرے کا سامنا کیا۔ پاکستان میں صبح کی نشریات کو اوج بخشنے والے میزبانوں میں ان کا شمار ہوتا ہے۔ بچوں کے چاچا جی کے طور پر معروف ہوئے۔ 1969 میں وہ یورپی ممالک کی سیاحت پر روانہ ہوئے، واپسی پر ”نکلے تری تلاش میں“ کے نام سے سفرنامہ لکھا۔ یہ 71ءمیں شایع ہوا۔ قارئین اور ناقدین دونوں ہی نے اسے ہاتھوں ہاتھ لیا۔ اِسے پڑھنے کے بعد محمد خالد اختر نے لکھا تھا:”اُس نے مروجہ ترکیب کے تاروپود بکھیر ڈالے ہیں!“ اِس کتاب کو ملنے والی پذیرائی کے بعد انھوں نے پیچھے مڑ کر نہیں دیکھا۔ اگلا سفر نامہ ”اندلس میں اجنبی“ تھا، جسے پڑھ کر شفیق الرحمان نے کہا: ”تارڑ کے سفرنامے قدیم اور جدید سفرناموں کا سنگم ہیں!“ بیالیس برسوں میں تیس سفرنامے شایع ہوئے۔ بارہ صرف پاکستان کے شمالی علاقوں کے بارے میں ہیں۔ پاکستان کی بلند ترین چوٹی ”کے ٹو“ پر ان کا سفرنامہ اس قدر مقبول ہوا کہ دو ہفتے میں پہلا ایڈیشن ختم ہوگیا۔ اِس علاقے سے اُن کے گہرے تعلق کی بنا پر وہاں کی ایک جھیل کو ”تارڑ جھیل“ کا نام دیا گیا۔ چند نمایاں سفرناموں کے نام یہ ہیں: خانہ بدوش، نانگا پربت، نیپال نگری، سفرشمال کے، اسنولیک، کالاش، پتلی پیکنگ کی، ماسکو کی سفید راتیں، یاک سرائے، ہیلو ہالینڈ اور الاسکا ہائی وے۔ سفرنامے کے میدان میں اپنا سکا جما کر ناول نگاری کی جانب آگئے۔ اولین ناول ”پیار کا پہلا شہر“ ہی بیسٹ سیلر ثابت ہوا۔ اب تک اِس کے پچاس سے زاید ایڈیشن شایع ہوچکے ہیں۔ یوں تو ہر ناول مقبول ٹھہرا، البتہ ”راکھ“ اور ”بہاﺅ“ کا معاملہ مختلف ہے۔ خصوصاً ”بہاﺅ“ میں اُن کا فن اپنے اوج پر نظر آتا ہے، پڑھنے والوں نے خود کو حیرت کے دریا میں بہتا محسوس کیا۔ اِس ناول میں تارڑ صاحب نے تخیل کے زور پر ایک قدیم تہذیب میں نئی روح پھونک دی۔ ”بہاﺅ“ میں ایک قدیم دریا سرسوتی کے معدوم اور خشک ہوجانے کا بیان ہے، جس سے پوری تہذیب فنا کے گھاٹ اتر جاتی ہے۔ ”راکھ“ کو 1999 میںبہترین ناول کے زمرے میں وزیر اعظم ادبی ایوارڈ کا مستحق گردانا گیا، جس کا بنیادی موضوع سقوط ڈھاکا اور بعد کے برسوں میں کراچی میں جنم لینے والے حالات ہیں۔ ”قلعہ جنگی“ نائن الیون کے بعد افغانستان پر امریکی حملے کے پس منظر میں لکھا گیا۔ اردو کے ساتھ پنجابی میں بھی ناول نگاری کا کام یاب تجربہ کیا۔ اس سفر میں افسانے بھی لکھے۔ ان کی شناخت کا ایک حوالہ کالم نگاری بھی ہے، جس میں ان کا اسلوب سب سے جداگانہ ہے۔ مطالعے کی عادت جتنی پختہ ہے، اتنی ہی پرانی۔ اردو میں قرة العین ان کی پسندیدہ لکھاری ہیں۔ اُن کا ناول ”آخری شب کے ہمسفر“ اچھا لگا۔ ٹالسٹائی اور دوستوفسکی کے مداح ہیں۔ ”برادرز کرامازوف“ کو دنیا کا سب سے بڑا ناول خیال کرتے ہیں۔ شفیق الرحمان کی کتاب ”برساتی کوے“ کو اپنے سفرنامے ”نکلے تری تلاش میں“ کی ماں قرار دیتے ہیں۔ کرنل محمد خان کی ”بجنگ آمد“ کو اردو کا بہترین نثری سرمایہ سمجھتے ہیں۔ غیرملکی ادیبوں میں رسول حمزہ توف کی ”میرا داغستان“ اور آندرے ژید کی خودنوشت اچھی لگیں۔ کافکا اور سارتر بھی پسند ہیں۔ ترک ادیب، یاشر کمال اور اورحان پامک کے مداح ہیں۔ مارکیز اور ہوسے سارا ماگو کو بھی ڈوب کر پڑھا۔ ممتاز ادیب، محمد سلیم الرحمان کی تنقیدی بصیرت کے قائل ہیں۔ اپنی تخلیقات کے تعلق سے ان سے مشورہ ضرور کرتے ہیں۔ نوبیل انعام یافتگان کی تخلیقات پر بھی گہری نظر ہے۔ ان کی کتب خصوصی توجہ سے پڑھتے ہیں، اور بہ قول ان کے، جو پسند آتا ہے، اس سے اثر بھی لیتے ہیں۔ مستنصر حسین تارڑ اردو ادب کے ایک معروف لکھاری ہیں .. پاکستان میں ان کی کتابیں بہت زیادہ خریدی اور پڑھی جاتی ہیں..مستنصر صاحب اب تک تقریباً پچاس کے لگ بھگ کتابیں لکھ چکے ہیں…ان کی وجہ شہرت سفر ناموں کے ساتھ ان کی ناول نگاری بھی ہے ..ان کے نوولز جنہوں نے سب سے زیادہ ادبی حلقوں میں پزیرائی حاصل کی ان میں سرفہرست “بہاؤ”کا نام آتا ہے جو قدیمی سندھ کے معاشرتی طرز اور اطوار کو واضح کرتا ہے..اردو ادب کے مشہور ناول نگار عبدللہ حسین بھاؤ کے بارے میں لکھتے ہیں “اس تحریر کی پشت پر جس قدر تخیلاتی ریسرچ پائی جاتی ہے اس کا اندازہ کر کے حیرت ہوتی ہے-رسمی لحاظ سے سوچتا ہوں تو خیال آتا ہے کے اگر یہ ناول کسی ترقی یافتہ ملک میں لکھا جاتا تو چند سال کے اندر مصنف کو کسی یونیورسٹی کی جانب سے علم بشریا ت کی اعزازی ڈگری پیش کی جاتی..”عبداللہ حسین کے ان الفاظ سے بہاؤ کی ادبی حیثیت کا اندازہ کیا جا سکتا ہے..اس کے علاوہ “راکھ ،خس و خاشاک زمانے کو بھی شاہکار نہ کہنا نہ انصافی ہوگی..تقسیم برصغیر کے بارے میں لکھ گئے یہ ناولز ان تاریخی حقائق کو بیان کرتے ہیں جن پی اب تک بات کرنا پسند نہیں کی جاتی ہے..”خس و خا شا ک زمانے”کو تو پاکستان کی ایک ایسی دستاویز کہا جاسکتا ہے جو پاکستانی معاشرے کی اخلاقی اور تہذیبی اقدار اور اس کے بدلتے رویوں کو بیان کرتی ہے..” جب کے “پیار کا پہلا شہر اور قربت مرگ” میں محبت مقبول عام ہیں..ادب سے لگاؤ رکھنے والا شاید ہی کوئی ایسا ہوگا جس نے پیار کا پہلا شہرپڑھ نہ رکھا ہو…اس کے علاوہ ڈاکیہ اور جولاہا،سیاہ آنکھ میں تصویر،جپسی،اے غزال شب،قلعہ جنگی ،فاختہ کے نام بھی ان کے نوولز میں شمار ہوتے ہیں..ناولز کے علاوہ ان کے لکھ گئے سفرنامے بھی اردو ادب کا حصہ خاص بن چکے ہیں.اوائلی عمر میں سوویت یونین کے سفرنامے سے انہوں نے سفر ناموں کی ابتدا کی..اس کے بعد نکلے “تیری تلاش میں” سے انہوں نے اردو ادب میں سفرنامہ لکھنےکے لیےایک ایسا انداز متعارف کروایا جس کی اقتدا میں کئی سفرنامے لکھ گئے..انہوں نے سفرنامہ کو دلچسب،پر مزاح ،آسان اور سہل تحریر سے ادب میں سفرناموں کے قارئین کی ایک کثیر تعداد پیدا کی..منظر نگاری کرتے ہوۓ وہ لفظوں کی ایسی جادوئی بنت کرتے ہیں کے پڑھنے والا اس مقام و منظر سے بھرپور واقفیت حاصل کرلیتا ہے..”نکلے تیری تلاش کے بعد انہوں نے مڑ کر نہیں دیکھا اور “اندلس میں اجنبی،خانہ بدوش،کے ٹو کہانی،نانگا پربت،یا ک سراۓ ،رتی گلی،سنو لیک،چترال داستان ،ہنزہ داستان،سفر شما ل کے ناموں سے ایسے سفرنامے تحریر کیے جن کو پڑھ کر کئی لوگ آوارہ گرد بن کر ان مقاموں کو دیکھنے ان جگہوں تک جا پنہچے.. ..”غار حرا میں ایک رات اور منہ ول کعبہ شریف” ان کے وہ سفر نامے ہیں جوحجاز مقدس کے بارے میں تحریر کے گئے ہیں…”نیو یارک کے سو رنگ،ماسکو کی سفید راتیں،پتلی پیکنگ کی،سنہری الو کا شہر بھی یادگارسفر نامے کہے جا .سکتے ہیں.ناولز اور سفرناموں کے علاوہ مستنصر صاحب نے ڈرامے بھی تحریر کیے ..جن میں شہپر ،ہزاروں راستے،پرندے،سورج کے ساتھ ساتھ،ایک حقیقت ایک افسانہ،کیلاش اور فریب شامل ہیں..اس کے علاوہ تارڑ صاحب کالم نگاری بھی کرتے رہے ہیں ..ان کے کالموں کے مجموعہ بھی چک چک،الو ہمارے بھائی ہیں،گدھے ہمارے بھائی ہیں، کے نام سے آچکے ہیں..آجکل روزنامہ نئی بات اور ہفتہ وار اخبار جہاں میں بھی باقائدگی سے کالم نگاری جاری رکھے ہوے ہیں.. انکی کتب زیادہ تر سفر نامے ہيں اور یہ یورپ مشرق وسطی اور شمالی پاکستان کی سیاحت پر مشتمل ہیں۔
مستنصر کا آبائی تعلق منڈی بہاوالدین جوکالیاں سے ہے لیکن اس وقت لاہور میں رہتے ہیں۔ ٹی وی ڈراموں میں کام بھی کیا ہے۔ آجکل اخبار جہاں میں ہفتہ وار کالم لکھتے ہیں۔اس کے علاوہ ناول کے حوالے سے بھی وہ ایک اہم نام ہے۔ انہوں نے بہاؤ اور راکھ جیسے شہر آفاق ناول تخلیق کیے۔ اس کے علاوہ ٹی پروگراموں کی میزبانی بھی کرتے ہیں۔ پی ٹی وی نے جب پہلی مرتبہ صبح کی نشریات آج کے نام سے شروع کی تو مستنصر حسین تارڑ نے ان نشریات کی کئی سال تک میزبانی کے فرائض سرانجام دئیے۔

 

Biography
Mustansar Hussain Tarar (Urdu مستنصر حسين تارڑ) ( March 1939) is a Pakistani author, actor, and compere.

Contents
1 Early life
2 Career
3 Achievements
4 Columns and books
5 Drama

Early life

Mustansar Hussain Tarar was born at Lahore in March, 1939. As a young boy he witnessed the partition of India and the events that took place at Lahore(one of the major cities of Pakistan). (The events of partition as like the migration of Muslims from India to Pakistan and vice versa). His father, Rehmat Khan Tarar, operated a small seed store by the name of “Kisan & co” that developed to become a major business in that sphere.

Tarar was educated at Rang Mehal Mission High School and Muslim Model High School, both in Lahore. He did further studies at the Government College, Lahore and in London. While abroad he spent much of his time in watching movies, doing theater and reading books. In 1957, he attended the World Youth Festival in Moscow and wrote a book named Fakhta (Dove) which was based on that experience.

Career

His first book was Nikley Teri Talaash Main, dedicated to his youngest brother,Mobashir Hussain Tarar, a travelogue of Europe published in 1971. This followed a period during which he travelled in seventeen European countries, and it led to new trend in Urdu literature. As Safar Nama, he has so far over forty titles to his credit. These span many genres, including travelogues, novels, short stories and collections of his newspaper columns and television dramas.

He also became a television actor and from 1988 was for many years a host of PTV’s live morning transmission Subuh Bakhair (Good Morning). His unconventional and down-to-earth style of comparing earned him great popularity among people from all circles of life. He is one of the most recognized personality among children as he spent a big part of transmission time addressing exclusively children. He called himself the cha cha jee (paternal uncle) of all Pakistani children and soon became known by this title.

Tarar has been an active mountaineer for many years. and has been to the base camp of K2 and the Chitti Buoi Glacier (translated as a glacier with large crevasses). He has gained respect among the Pakistani mountaineering community.

Achievements

Presidential award of Pride of Performance
Prime Minister’s award for the Best Novelist for “Rakh”
Life time achievement award of Almi Farogh-e-Urdu Adab, Doha (Qatar)
Gold Medal bestowed be Moscom State University for literary achievements
Most widely researched contemporary author by Pakistani Universities
Bestseller Urdu Author in Pakistan for more than 2 decades

Columns and books

Currently he writes a weekly column for Akhbar-e-Jehan, he also writes a fortnightly column for the English language daily Dawn and columns for the Urdu language Aaj Daily. He is currently writing a column in Daily Jinnah (Urdu Daily).

His novel Raakh was nominated as one of the best in the history of sub-continent South-Asia. His books include:

Andulus Mayn Ajnabi (اندلس میں اجنبی) (Stranger in Spain) (ISBN No:9693515471, Publisher:SMP, Language:URDU, Category: SAFAR NAMA Year: 2009)
Bahhao (بہاؤ) (Flow)
Bay Izti Kharab (بے عزتی خراب) (Insulting dishonor) – This phrase is deliberately wrong and commonly used this way in local communities, thus the book name.
Berfeeli Bulandiyan (برفیلی بلندیاں) (Snowy Heights)
Carvan Sarai (کارواں سرایےؑ) (Caravan Motel)
CHIK CHUK (چک چک) (Remove the curtain)
CHITRAL DASTAAN (چترال داستان) (Chitral Tale)
Dais Huwaa Perdais (دیس ھٗوے پردیس) (Homeland becomes foreign land)
Deyo Saai (دیوسا یی)
Dakia aur Jolaha (ڈاکیا اور جولاھا) (Postman and cloth-maker)
Gadhay Hamaray Bhai Hain (گدھے ھمارے بھایی ھیں) (Donkeys are our brothers)
Ghar-e-Hira mien ek Raat (a night in cave Hira)
Guzara Naheen Hota (گزارا نھی ھوتا) (Hard to get by)
Gypsi (جپسی)
Hazaron Hain Shikway (ھزاروں ھیں شکوے) (Have thousands of complaints)
Hazaron Raastay (ھزاروں راستے) (Thousands of paths)
Hunza Dastaan (ھنزھ داستان) (Hunza Tale)
K-2 Kahani (کے ٹو کھانی) (K2 Story)
Kaalaash (کالاش)Kafiristan.
Khana Badosh (خانھ بدوش) (Gypsi)
Moorat (مورت) (Idol)
Mun Wal Kabbey Shariff (منھ ول کعبے شریف دے) (Face towards Qibla)[Experience of performing HAJJ]Nanga Parbat (نانگاپربت) (named after the mountain)
Nepal Nagri (نیپال نگری) (Land of Nepal)
Niklay Teri Talash Main (نکلے تیری تلاش میں) (Out in your search)
Pakhairoo (پکھیرو) (Birds)
Parinday (پرندے) (Birds)
Parwaz (پرواز) (Flight)
Payar Ka Pehla Shehr (پیار کا پھلا شھر) (Love’s first city)
Putli Peking Ki (پتلی پیکنگ کی) (Monument from Peking)
Qilaa Jangi (قلعھ جنگی) (Fortified war)
Qurbat-e-Merg Main Mohabbat (قربت مرگ میں محبت) (Love in the vicinity of death)
Raakh (راکھ) (Ash)
Safar Shumal Kay (سفر شمال کے) (Travels of the north)
Shamshaal Baimesaal (شمشھال بیمثال) (Extraordinary Shamshaal)
Shehpar (شھپر) (Wings)
Shuter Murgh Riasat (شتر مرغ ریاست) (Ostrich State)
Snow Lake (سنو لیک)
Sunehri Ullo Ka Shaher (سنھری الو کا شھر) (The city of golden owl)
Yaak Saraey (یاک سرایے) (Yaak Inn)
Ghar e Hira main aik rat(A night in cave Hira)
khas-o-khashak zamane (Novel)
Alaska Highway – (ISBN 9693524446 Publisher: SMP Language: URDU Subject: TRAVELOGUE Year: 2011)

Dramas
He is also the author of many famous drama serials for PTV.

Aik Haqeeqat Aik Afsana (One Reality, One Fiction)
Hazaron Raastey (Thousands of Paths)
Parinda (Bird)
Shehpar
Sooraj Ke Sath Sath (Along with Sun)
Kelash (Name of a tribe)
Freb (illusion)

 

Ahmad Yar Muralvi Great personality of mbdin

Munir Ahmad Iqbal Gujjar

MBA (Marketing)

Maternal Grandson of Murala

 

Ahmad Yar Muralvi

Introduction:

Ahmad Yar Muralvi was the poet of 18th century. He is a famous Punjabi poet. He is a proud of Punjab. He did poetry in Persian and other languages as well. But he is well known for his Punjabi Poetry. He is also known as Molvi Ahmad Yar.

Birth:

Historians have written different birth places of Ahmad Yar Muralvi. First historian of Punjabi Literature Bawa Budh Singh wrote Qila Islam Garh as a birth place of Ahmad Yar Muralvi. According to Arjun Daas birth place of Ahamd Yar Murlavi was a small village of Gujrat. According to Maula Bakhsh Kushta, S.S. Amool and Galwant Singh, Murla is birth place of Ahmad Yar Muralvi. Abdul Ghafoor Qureshi described Qila Islam Garh as a birth place of Ahmad Yar Muralvi in his book Punjabi Da Adab Tay Tareekh. In Punjabi Adab Dee Kahani by Abdul Ghafoor Qureshi, Sohdara (Wazirabad) is a birth place of Ahmad Yar Muralvi. Ahmad Hussain Quershi marked Anand Gadh as a birth place of Ahmad Yar Muralvi in his book Punjabi Adbiyaat Da Tehqeeqi Mutalea.

However, according to most historians Islam Gadh is a birth place of Ahmad Yar Muralvi.

Now let’s look for date of birth of Ahmad Yar Muralvi. He himself described in his creation Shahnama Ranjeet Singh that he was 70 years old when he started to write this book. Galwant Singh said that Ahmad Yar Muralvi began write this book in 1838. According to this estimate, 1768 becomes year of birth of Ahmad Yar Muralvi. Mostly historians are agreed on this year.

Forefather of Ahmad Yar Muralvi.

According to Ahamd Hussain Qaladaari, forefather of Ahmad Yar Muralvi was inhabitant of Sohdara (Wazirabad). Then they migrated to Qila Islam Garh (Jalalpur Jattan) Distt. Gujrat. It is also proved by Ahmad Yar Muralvi’s poetry that his father used to live in Sohdara and migrated to Qila Islam Garh.

Abodes of Ahmad Yar Muralvi:

Arjun Dass described in the preface of Heer Ranjha Ahamd Yar Murlavi born at small village of Gujrat and migrated to Phalia which was tehsil of Distt. Gujrat and now tehsil of Distt. Mandi Baha-ud-Din. Galwant Singh also wrote the same in the preface of Shah Nama Ranjeet Singh. According to Muhammad Sarwar, Ahmad Yar Muralvi reached Murala directly from his birth place. Dr. Gobind Singh Lanba described that Ahmad Yar Muralvi used to live at Jalapur Jattan till his old age but he migrated to Murala in his last age.

But according to the analysis of Dr. Shahbaz Malik and present member of Ahamd Yar Muralvi’s family Dr. Ijaz Ahmad Bhatti, Ahmad Yar Muralvi did not come to Murala directly. He stopped over and often visited nearby villages of Murala i.e. Dhok Shahni, Ghanyan, Nabi Shah Da Kot, Helan, Gajjan, Salaiman and Seiry.

Reason of Migration (Love Story of Ahmad Yar Muralvi & Rani):

Historians who wrote the biography of Ahmad Yar Muralvi described that Ahmad Yar Muralvi migrated from Jalalpur Jattan due to defamation caused by his love with a non-muslim girl Rani. But Dr. Ijaz Ahmad Bhatti and Ch. Muhammad Hussain Warraich (late) whose grandfather was pupil of Ahmad Yar Muralvi strongly opposed this blame. Ch. Muhammad Hussain Warraich (late) said that Ahamd Yar Muralvi came to Murala when he was above 50 years old. So, it is not true that Ahmad yar Muralvi left jalapur Jattan due to his Insult.

However, it is fact that Ahmad Yar Muralvi portrayed a woman named Rani few times in his poetry.

Writings of Ahmad Yar Muralvi.

Following are famous writings of Ahmad Yar Mualvi:

Hulya Shareef Rasool-e-Maqbool, Hulya Shareef Ghaus-ul-Azam, Munajat-e-Rasool-e-Pak, Miraj Nama, Wafat Nama Rasool-e-Pak, Ahsanul Qasas, Sharha Dua-e-Siryani, Baran Mah, Heer Ranjha Ahmad Yar Muralvi, Kaam Roop, Tibb-e-Ahmad Yari, Tibb-e-Muhammadi, Hatim Nama, Qisa Ahwal-e-Zaman, Qisa Malki Qeema, Mojaza-e-Fakhta, Dastan-e-Raam wa Seeta, Shah Nama Ranjeet Singh,

Source of Income of Ahmad Yar Muralvi:

We come to know from the poetry of Ahmad Yar Muralvi that his and his forefather’s source of income was Hikmat (Herble Treatment). Ahmad Yar Muralvi also cultivated the land. We also come to know from his poetry that he was granted scholarship (Wazeefa) by Sikhs.

Ahmad Yar Muralvi and Murala :

Mostly historians agreed that Ahmad Yar Muralvi came to Murala after 50 years old. He also died here.

We come to know from Ahmad Yar Murlavi’s poetry that he had not good relations with Murala’s inhabitants. He said in his poetry that where ever he went, people respected him but only people of Murala behaved him rudely. People of Murala feel jealousy to Ahmad Yar Muralvi due to his wisdom and knowledge.

At that time an event took place at Murala.  People of Murala were constructing a Mosque. Ahamd Yar Muralvi pointed out wrong direction of mosque. People of Murala behaved him offensively. Even, some people punched him. This mosque still exists in Murala. As this mosque is located in the centre of village Murala so, it is called as Wichkarli Maseet. Owing to misbehave by Murala’s people, Ahmad Yar Murlavi wished many times to leave Murala. But he said there is a saint in Murala who does not let me to go.

Religious/Spiritual Guide of Ahmad Yar Muralvi:

In his writings Ahmad Yar Muralvi described Hazrat Muhammad peace be upon him as his greatest religious/spiritual Guide. He also had great respect for Hazrat Ghaus-ul-Azam. When the people of Murala misbehaved on event of mosque, Ahmad Yar Mualvi called Hazrat Ghaus-ul-Azam in his prayers. He also had spiritual attachment with Hazrat Sakhi Sarwar. He also loved with children of Hazrat Nosha Ganj Bakhash.

He had extraordinary spiritual attachment with saint of Murala, Main Sala-ud-Din and asked about him that there is a saint in Murala who does not let me to go. Shrine of Mian Salah-ud-Din is located in the graveyard between village Murala and village Makhnanwali.

Death of Ahmad Yar Muralavi:

Mostly historians wrote 1845 as a year of death of Ahmad Yar Muralvi. However, some historians wrote 1848. Ahmad Yar Muralvi’s grave is near Mian Sala-ud-Din tomb in the graveyard between village Murala and village Makhnanwali.

Family of Ahmad Yar Muralvi’s:

Muhammad Shafi

Ahmad Yar Murlavi

Ali Haider

Abdullah

Ali Qasim

Son

(Name Unknown)

Son

(Name Unknown)

Ali Muhammad

Molvi Ghulam Muahmmad

Zainab BiBi

w/o Ahmad Khan Numberdar

Aimna Bibi

Ayesha Bibi

Fatima Bibi

w/o Hakeem Ghulam Muhammad

Dr. Ijaz Ahmad Bhatti Add. Sec. Health, Punjab

Hamida Begum

Prof. Mumtaz Bhatti

Ex-Prinicipal Govt. College of Technology, Rasul, Mandi Baha-ud-Din

Rasheeda Begum

Mukhtar Ahmad Bhatti

Ex-Headmaster Govt. Islamia High School, Mandi Baha-ud-Din