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A Tour of Mandi Bahauddin (Three Gurdwaras and A Temple)

On July 27, 2019, I had had an opportunity to visit Mandi Bahauddin, on the invitation of my dear friend and brother Irfan Ahmed. I explored the area around Mandi Bahauddin many times in the past, but never fully explored the city itself. It was a family visit and I was just looking forward to meeting our relatives and perhaps a little discovery of one or two old buildings. But the visit turned out to be very interesting. Irfan being aware of my fondness for old buildings, having some historical significance, took me on a quick tour of the city. The central part of the town, the bazaar area is well planned and has broad streets, though like every other city and town of Pakistan overcrowded with encroachments, especially the carts selling mostly vegetables/fruits or clothes. 
Our first destination was an old Pathshala (school). It is located in a by-lane off the main Sadar Bazar road at  32°35’7.35″N; 73°29’30.46″E. Even today it is being used as a government primary school. The compound has many rooms on two sides of a courtyard in two floors, and the only structure which is of any particular interest is that of a pavilion. I am not sure what the pavilion was used for. Perhaps a statue existed here in the past. 

A pavilion in the compound. (27.07.2019)

Another view of the pavilion.(27.07.2019)

A row of rooms. (27.07.2019)

A view of the courtyard.(27.07.2019)

Looking towards the entrance.(27.07.2019)

Tariq Amir and Ibrahim Tariq.(27.07.2019)

Tariq Amir and Irfan Ahmed.(27.07.2019)

Some old houses in front of the Dharmsala.(27.07.2019)

यह पाठ शाला म.  नोदड  मल संत (क्षत्र) सराफ जी ने सपनी पूज्या स्वर्ग्वाशी माता श्री मतिवीरां देवी जी की पवित्र स्मृतिमें बनवाई – माघ सं: १९९१ اومیہ پاٹھ شالا (درسگاہ) م. نودڑ ملسنت (کشترا) صراف جی نے اپنیپوجیا (پوجنے لائق یعنی بہت محترم ) سورگواشی (جنتی یعنی مرحوم ) ماتا شریمتی (محترمہ)ویراں دیوی جی کی پوِتر سمرتی (مقدس یاد)میں بنوائی – ماگھ 1991 (1934 ء)This school was constructed by Nodar Mal, in the sacred memory of his late mother, Shrimati Veraan Devi. Magh 1999 Smvat. (1934 AD)

काहन चंद सनघोई निवासी ने श्रयनीधर्म पतनी श्रीमती हर देवी की पवित्र  स्मृतिमें बनवायाIN SACRED MEMORY OF HIS WIFESHRIMATI HAR DEVIWHO DIED ON 30TH OCTOBER, 1933BUILT BYKAHAN CHAND OF SANGHOIAT A COST OF RS. 10001934After briefly visiting this Dharamsala we passed through the busy Sadar bazaar and turned towards Ghalla Mandi (grain market) road. Here we reached in front of an old two storey building. The ground floor has some shops facing the road. The entrance is a small door leading to a room and adjoining corridor, that opens into a big hall. The building was a gurdwara before 1947 and now it is being used as a warehouse and is totally neglected and due to negligence is falling apart. I forgot to ask someone, but probably is a property of the Auqaf department (or Evacuee Trust Property Board). Now the problem is that these properties have been rented out or given on long term leases. Hence the occupants have no interest in repairing or maintaining them. Therefore, tragically many beautiful buildings across the country are deteriorating. 
I was told by a person, that it was a much bigger complex and another large building was attached to it, which was perhaps a guest house and langar hall etc. related to the gurdwara. The date of construction is not known, but we can safely guess that it would have been constructed in 1920s or 1930s. It is located at 32°35’3.90″N; 73°29’24.77″E. (In the map given below, I shall refer to this gurdwara as Gurdwara 1.)

A gurdwara in Mandi Bahauddin.(27.07.2019)

Two sides of the gurdwara.(27.07.2019)

A partially surviving plaque above the entrance.(27.07.2019)

The main hall.(27.07.2019)

Arches of the first floor and the ventilators.(27.07.2019)

Another view of the arches.(27.07.2019)

Large galleries exist behind these arches.(27.07.2019)

It must have been a beautiful building in its good days(27.07.2019)

Galleries on the first floor.(27.07.2019)

Another view of the arches.(27.07.2019)

The ceiling of the hall. (27.07.2019)

The interior was painted in sky blue. (27.07.2019)

The building is used as a warehouse.(27.07.2019)

A view of the first floor.(27.07.2019)

The building is so badly damaged and passages are blocked that I had to use this ladder to go to the first floor.(27.07.2019)

The roof of the hall is quite high.(27.07.2019)

A corridor on the ground floor filled with junk.(27.07.2019)

A view of the gallery on the first floor(27.07.2019)

A view of the gallery on the first floor(27.07.2019)

The ventilators as seen from outside.(27.07.2019)

A gallery in a bad condition.(27.07.2019)

The roof at places has caved in.(27.07.2019)

੫੧ ਸਿਵਾ ਕਰਾਈ ਜਗਤ ਸੰਘ  ______ ਹਾਲ ਮੰਡੀਸਾਹਿਤ ਪ੍ਰਵਾਰ ਫਗਣ ੧੯੯੫ 51 روپے سیوا کرائیجگت سنگھ _________ ہال منڈیساہت پروار پھگنڑ 1995 (مارچ 1938)Rs 51, service rendered by Jagat Singh _____ Hal Mandi, literary body, Phgan 1995. (1938 AD)

੧੦ ਸੇਵਾ ਕਰਾਈਸ੍ਰ: ਜੀਵਣ ਸਿੰਘ ਵਧਵਾ ਯਾਦਗਾਰਅਪਨੇ ਭਰਾਤਾ ਕਰਤਾਰ ਸਿੰਘ ਦੀ 10 روپے سیوا کرائی سردار جیونڑ سنگھ ودھوا یادگاراپنے بھراتا کرتار سنگھ دی Rs 10, service rendered by Sardar Jeevan Singh Wadha, in memory of his brother. 

੧੦ ਸ੍ਰ: ਈਸ਼ਰ ਸਿੰਘਦਫੇਦਾਰ10 روپے سردار ایشر سنگھدفعدارRs 10, service rendered by Sardar Eshar Singh Dafedear (a non commissioned officer in the cavalry)

250 ਸੇਵਾ ਕਰਾਈ ਇਸ ਚੋਵੰਕ ਦੀ ਭ: ਜੈ ਸਿੰਘਪ੍ਰੀਤਮ ਸਿੰਘ ਕਰੀਆਨੇ ਵਾਲੇ ਮੰਡੀ ਸੈਹਤ ਪ੍ਰਵਾਰ250 روپے سیوا کرائی اس چوک دی بھائی جے سنگھپریتم سنگھ کریانے والے منڈی سیہت پروارRs 250, service rendered by Bhai Jai Singh Pritam Singh, store merchant, and market community. 
Just at a little distance from the main Sadar bazaar and not far from the above-mentioned gurdwara, another old building exists. That too was a gurdwara. Now a family lives inside this building and we could not see it from inside. It too is a fairly large building with an impressive facade. This gurdwara is located at 32°35’0.41″N; 73°29’22.27″E. (In the map given below, I shall refer to this gurdwara as Gurdwara 2.) Kashmir House is painted above the door in Urdu, because refugees from Kashmir settled in after the independence. 

The main entrance of the gurdwara. (27.07.2019.)

Another view of the gate.(27.07.2019.)

ਸਚ ਖੰਡ ਵਸੈ ਨਿਰੰਕਾਰسچ کھنڈ وسے نِرنکار(In the realm of Truth abides the Formless Lord.)

The main door.(27.07.2019.)

A side view of the building.(27.07.2019.)

Another view of the building(27.07.2019.)

੧ ਓਪ੍ਰਵਾਣ ਗਣੀ ਸੇਈ ਟਿਹਆਏਸਫਲ ਤਿਨਾ ਕੇ ਕਾਮਾ੨੦੦ ਇਸ ਬੜੇ ਦੀ ਸੇਵਾ ਕਰਾਈ ਬੀ: ਰਣਜੀਤ ਕੌਰ ਸੁਪਤਨੀ ਭਾ: ਮੋਹਣ ਸਿੰਘ ਅੰਸ ਭਾ: ਬੰਨੋਸਾਹਿਬ ਯਾਦਗਾਰ ਆਪਣੀ ਸਸਰੁਕਮਣ ਦੇਵੀ ਦੀ ਭਦਰ ੧੯੯੯ 1 اونکارپروانڑ گڑیں سوئی ٹِہائیسپھل تِنان کے کاما200 روپے اس بڑے دی سیوا کرائیبی بی رنڑجیت کور سُپتنی بھائیموہنڑ سنگھ انس بھائی بنوصاحب یادگار آپڑیں سسرکمنڑ دیوی دی بھدر 1999 (اگست/ستمبر 1942 ء)
Rs 200, service rendered by Bibi Ranjit Kaur w/o Bhai Mohan Singh Ans Bhai Banno sahib, in memory of her mother in law, Rukman Devi, Bhadr 1999. (Aug/Sep 1942 AD)

੧ ਓ ਸ੍ਰੀ ______ ਗੁਰੂ ਜੀ 
__________________________________________________ਸਮਤ ੧੯੯੬ 
ਭਾ: ਸਰਦਾਰ ਸਿੰਘ – ਸਪੁਤਰ  – ਭਾ: ਭਗਵਾਨ ਸਿੰਘ 

The above mentioned two gurdwaras are located in a busy bazaar, there is another gurdwara which is located on the outskirts of the city,  about a kilometer and half in the east of the city centre at  32°35’16.05″N;  73°30’26.80″E. It must have been in open green fields and would have presented a good view but now it is surrounded by closely built houses, without much planning. It seems that these houses have been constructed on the land of the gurdwara. This gurdwara was built in 1944, as an inscription on the building shows. Much of the other structures have been demolished or incorporated into the neighbouring houses, however, the main tower-like building still exists and is in reasonably good shape, considering the time passed since its construction. 

The three storey gurdwara building. (27.07.2019.)

A closer view of the two top floors.(27.07.2019.)

Writings on the building show that local Muslims also used it for sometime for religious purposes(27.07.2019.)

A view of the top floors from another angle.(27.07.2019.)

Another view of the top floor. (27.07.2019.)

Another side of the tower. (27.07.2019.)

A newly constructed structure blocks the fourth side of the tower.(27.07.2019.)

A view from the south.(27.07.2019.)

Ibrhim Tariq, though not having much interest in such affairs, came with me and perhaps enjoyed too.(27.07.2019.)

Irfan Ahmed, credit for this discovery goes to him.(27.07.2019.)

Tariq Amir. (27.07.2019.)

Entrance from this side has been blocked. The green door on the right is of a new construction(27.07.2019.)

ਸਤਿ ਗੁਰ ਨਿਵਾਸ(Holy shabds)
It seems that people used this building for religious purpose for sometime. But while painting Islamic phrases on the walls, they took care not to paint or disfigure the inscriptions in written in Gurmukhi.(27.07.2019.)

ਗੁਰ ਮੁਖਿ ਨਾਨਕ ਜਾਰ ਧਿਆ ਸਭਿ  ਆਖਹ ਧੰਨ ਧੰਨ ਧੰਨ ਗੁਰ ਮੋਈਸਤਿਕਰਤਾਰ ਜੀ (Holy shabds)

ਕਹੁ ਨਾਨਕ ਸਤਿ ਗੁਰ  –  ਬਲਿਹਰੀ ਜਿਨੇ ਏਹੁ  –  ਥਾਨੁ ਸੁਹਾ ਇਆ(Holy shabds)

ਬਾਬਾ ਪਰ ਪਰ ਪਰ ਪਜਾ ਆਸਣ ਥਾਪਣਸ ਆਕਹੁ ਨਾਨਕ ਸਤਿ ਗੁਰ – ਬਲਿਹਾਹਾਰੀ ਜਿਨਏਹੁ – ਥਾਨੁ (Holy shabds)

— ਬਾਬਾ ਪਰ ਧਰ ਪਜਾ ਆਸਣ ਬਾਧਣ ਸਆ (Holy shabds)

1944 is inscribed on this corner, which gives its year of construction. So the devotees had to leave this place soon after its completion.  (27.07.2019.)

ਆਬ ਚਲਨੀ ਵਧਰੀ ਗੁਰ ਨਾਨਕ ਨਿਤ ਨਿਤ ਚੜੇ —–
(Holy shabds)

ਸਤਿ ਗੁਰ ਕਰਿਦੀਨੇ ਅਸਬਿਰ ਘਰਬਾਰ (Holy shabds)

These buildings may not have much historical importance, nevertheless, these are a link to the pre-partition society of Mandi Bahauddin, when different religious communities lived in this city. It was a small town before independence, but the non-Muslims formed an overwhelming majority. As the table given below shows:

Mandi Bahauddin City Population: According to the Census of 1941
TotalMuslims%Hindus%Sikhs%
12,7522,26917.796,14648.20427733.54

Mandi Bahauddin is a new city and was probably settled during the development of canal colonies. In 1941 it had a population of just 12,572. Now the population according to the census of 2017 is 198,609. So this city has witnessed an exponential growth in the last 8 decades. These buildings should be preserved because their value as a part of our heritage and this city’s link to the pre-independence era.

Tariq AmirDecember 07, 2019.Doha – Qatar.

اولیا اللہ اور سر زمین منڈی بہاوالدین ، تحریر، پروفیسر محمد صغیر

 

اولیائے کرام اور صوفیائے عظام دین اسلام کی تعلیمات کے حقیقی مبلغ اور ذات قدرت کے منتخب نمائندے ہیںجن کی تمام تر توانائیاں خدا ورسول ۖکی رضاجوئی کے لیے وقف ہیں۔ یہ مقدس ہستیاں ہر دور میں تیرگئی دوراں میں اجالوں کے چراغ روشن فرماتی رہی ہیں۔ ہندالولی ہوںیا لال شہباز قلندر، علی ہجویری گنج بخش ہوں یا الٰہی شاہ گنج البحر، جملے شاہ ہوں یا بلھے شاہ، بری امام ہوں یا شاہ نظام، ہر نمائندہء الٰہی عصری تقاضوں کے مطابق قلوبِ انسانی کی آبیاری کرتا آیا ہے۔ان کے نورانی چہرے اللہ کی یاد دلاتے ہیں۔ان کی زندگیاں جیتا جاگتا قرآن ہیںاور ان کی سیرتیںسرکار دوعالم ۖکے اتباع میںڈ ھلی ہیں۔

Darbar-Pir-Qadir-Ali-Shah-r.a-390x400ہرکہ خواہی ہمنشینی باخدا او نشینددر حضور اولیاء

ان نفوس قدسیہ کی خانقاہیں اور درگاہیں طاقت وقوت کا سرچشمہ ہیں۔ تاریخ میںان آستانوں کا اہم کردار رہا ہے۔انہوں نے معاشرے کو سنوارا،دلوں کو نکھارا، سلطنتوں کو بنایا اور زمانے کا رخ پلٹاہے۔دلوںپر حکومت کی ہے۔اللہ رب العزت نے ان کے نقوش قدم کو صراط مستقیم قرار دیا ہے۔ان کے آثار کو وسیلہء ظفر بناکر ان کے پیغام کو ذریعہء نجات بنایاہے۔یہ اشرف المخلوقات انسان ہیں۔ ہر دور پرفتن میں اللہ کی روشن نشانیاں ہیں۔صدیاں بیت جانے کے بعد بھی ان کی یاد لوگوں کے دلوں میں راسخ ہے۔ان کے قلوب، جمال الٰہی اور اسرار کائنات سے لبریز ہوتے ہیں اور ان کے طائر فکر کی پرواز تابہ عرش رہتی ہے۔ان پر کائنات کے سربستہ رازمنکشف ہوتے رہتے ہیں اوران ہی کی وساطت سے یہ رموز،بشریت کو عطا ہوتے ہیں۔
Channi Mast Qalandar, Phaliya
Channi Mast Qalandar, Phaliya
یہ اولیاء اللہ جہاں بھی گئے اسلام کی روشنی لے کر گئے۔اسوئہء محمدی کی خوشبو پھیلائی۔جہاں گئے ماحول کو جگمگا دیا،فضا کو مہکا دیا۔اپنے عمل صالح اور دل میں اتر جانے والی تعلیمات کی بنا پر دین اسلام کودنیا کے طول وعرض میں پھیلا دیا۔صدیوں کی محنت شاقہ اور اور عمل صالح کی ذاتی مثالوں سے ان مردان حق آگاہ نے وہ تعلیمات عام کیں جنہوں نے لوگوں پر تجلیات کے ہزارہا عالم منکشف کر دیے اور انہیں نگاہ آشنا سے روشناس کرایا۔انہی کی خدمات کے باعث آج اسلام ایک عظیم عالمگیر مذہب کے طور پر تسلیم کیا جاتا ہے اور انہی کے تربیت یافتہ خلفائے طریقت شب وروز گلشن دین کی آبیاری میں منہمک نظر آتے ہیں۔

ان اہل اللہ اور مشائخ نے دیگر ممالک کے ساتھ ساتھ برصغیر میںبھی فروغ اسلام کے لیے انتھک جدوجہد کی اور اپنے کرداروعمل سے دلوں کو اسلام کی طرف مائل کر کے صحت مند انقلاب برپا کیا۔ان کی روح پرور شخصیات نے خواص وعوام کے دلوں کو تسخیرکیا اور ان میںزندگی اور معرفت ِحیات وکائنات کی نئی امنگیں پیدا کیں۔ان کے گلہائے فکر ونظر کی مہک نے ہر انسان کے دل ودماغ کو معطر کیااور یہ مہک آج بھی اپنی تمام تر شگفتگی وتازگی کے ساتھ فضائے بسیط میں مہمیز ہے۔یہ ہستیاں پوری انسانیت کے لیے رہنما ہیں جنہوں نے ہر دور میں علم وعرفان کی قندیلیں روشن کر کے مخلوق خدا کو صحیح اور سچے راستے پر گامزن کرنے کی مسلسل جدوجہد کی۔
Darbar Pir Qadir Ali Shah r.a
Darbar Pir Qadir Ali Shah r.a
عوام الناس میں اخلاقی اقدار کا شعور پیدا کرنے کے ساتھ ساتھ انوار وتجلیات سے ان کے قلوب واذہان کو منور کر دیا۔
یہ سفیران ایزدی،درس مساوات دیتے رہے۔اخوت ویگانگت کی تعلیم دیتے رہے۔ان کی تعلیمات متاثر کن اور دلنشیں تھیں۔یہ بندوں کو سرائے فانی کی حقیقت سے آگاہ کرتے تھے۔ اس گلشن عارضی کی مصنوعی رنگت اور طلسم رنگ وبو کا پردہ چاک کرتے اپنی دور رس نگاہوں سے نئے افق دریافت کیے اور عوام الناس کو آگاہی بخشی۔اولیاء اللہ نے درویشانہ زندگی بسر کی اور دوسروں کو بھی سادگی کی تلقین کی۔تمام تر عظمتوں کے حامل ہونے کے باوجود انکساری کا پیکر رہے۔بلندیوں پہ بیٹھ کر عاجزی اپنائی۔

ان خدا والوں نے لوگوں کے سامنے علم وعمل کے ذاتی نمونے پیش کیے۔یہ ظاہری وباطنی رموز کے مرد میدان تھے۔علم،عقل،وفا،عشق وزہد کے پیکر تھے۔استغنا وتوکل ایسا کہ شاہی آسائشیں اور دنیاوی نازونعم چھوڑ کر ریگستانوں اور ویرانوں میں چراغ روشن کر دیے لیکن پائے ثبات ایسا کہ جابر وقاہر سلاطین بھی انہیں ہراساں نہ کر سکے۔تزکیہ ء نفس اور مجاہدہء باطن کے ان غازیوں نے اپنے اندر کی دنیا پر فتح پا کر باہر کی دنیا بھی مسخر کر لی۔شاہان عالم ان سے خوف کھاتے لیکن یہ صرف خدا تعالیٰ سے خوف کھاتے تھے ا ور یہی ان کی عظمت،بزرگی اور بلندی کا راز تھا۔

ہندوستان اور دیگر ممالک میں اسلام کی ترویج واشاعت اولیاء وصوفیاء کی مرہون منت ہے جنہوں نے اس بلند مقصد کی خاطر اپنی زندگیاں وقف کر دیں اور علم وعمل کی ایسی روشن مثالیں قائم کیں کہ شاہوں کی تعمیر کردہ سربفلک اور سنگین عمارتیں آج ناپید ہوچکی ہیں مگر ان اولیاء اللہ اور صوفیاء کی یادوں کے چراغ آج بھی روشن ہیں اور زندہء جاوید حیثیت اختیار کر چکے ہیں۔مردم خیز ضلع منڈی بہاء الدین متبحر علمائ،اولیاء،صوفیاء اور مشائخ اسلام کی سرزمین ہے۔اہلیان ِمنڈی بہاء الدین ہمیشہ سے ان نفوس قدسیہ کے احسان مند اور ان کی تعلیمات پر عمل پیرا رہے ہیں۔

پروفیسر محمد صغیراور کتاب اولیاء منڈی بہاء الدین محمد صغیر صاحب کے آباء واجداد، مَدِیْنَةُالْاَولِیَاء،ملتان شریف کے رہنے والے تھے۔اولیائے کرام اور صوفیائے عظام سے محبت وعقیدت انہیں ورثے میں ملی۔ آپ کے والد حاجی سراج دین مرحوم،منشی محلہ،ضلع منڈی بہاء الدین میں سکونت پذیر ہوئے۔آپ حضرت سیدشاہ شرف الدین عابدی المعروف بوعلی شاہ قلندر پانی پتی کے سلسلہ ء فقرسے وابستہ تھے اور ان کی درگاہ سے فیضان ِطریقت حاصل کیا۔
Gajjan Shareef, Phaliya
Gajjan Shareef, Phaliya
آپ بیری والے بابا معروف ہیں۔ محمد صغیر کی صغرسنی حسن ابدال اورواہ میں بسر ہوئی۔کوہ ِابدال پہ حضرت سید حسن ابدال کاظمی ولی قندہاری کی چلہ گاہ گھر کے سامنے تھی۔صبح وشام زیارت کا شرف نصیب ہوتا۔ قلب ونظر کو کیف وسرور ملتا۔اسی جذب ومستی کے ساتھ علمی مدارج طے ہوتے گئے اور ساتھ ہی ساتھ روحانی منازل کا بھی آغاز ہوا۔جستجوئے علم اور آرزوئے روحانیت نے سرزمین سندھ کا انتخاب کیا۔1963ء میں صوفیاء کی دھرتی پہ قدم رکھے۔

حیدر آباد کے تعلیمی اداروں سے بی اے،بی ایڈ،بی کام،ایم کام اور ایم ایڈ کی اسناد حاصل کیں۔فیصل آباد زرعی یونیورسٹی سے اکتساب علم کیا۔علامہ اقبال اوپن یونیورسٹی اسلام آباد سے ایک درجن سے زائد کورسز کیے۔کراچی،لاہوراور شیخو پورہ سے پوسٹ گریجوایٹ تعلیمی کورسز میں شرکت کی۔ قیام سندھ کے دوران لال شاہباز قلندر،سیدعبداللطیف شاہ کاظمی بھٹائی اورمخدوم نوح ہالہ کی درگاہیں روحانی تسکین کا ذریعہ تھیں۔

بارہا حاضری کا شرف نصیب ہوا۔درگاہ قلندر کے مجاوراور دنیا کے طویل القامت شخص،عالم چنا مرحوم سے راہ ورسم کا آغاز ہوا جو بعد ازاں گہرے مراسم میں بدل گیا۔ اکتساب علم کے بعد ملازمت کا دور شروع ہوا۔ملک کی نامور کمپنیوں میں مدرس ومنتظم کے فرائض سرانجام دیے۔اوراد ووظائف واشغال کے باعث عقد کا موقع نہ مل سکا۔ تمام عمر سیکھنے سکھانے میں گزر گئی۔ کثیر الجہت علم حاصل کیا۔سول ڈیفنس سے وابستہ رہے۔
Pir of Mandi Bahauddin
Pir of Mandi Bahauddin
وسطی پنجاب میںواقع منڈی بہاء الدین کو 1992ء میں ضلع کا درجہ دیا گیا۔یہ علاقہ تاریخی اہمیت کا حامل ہے۔سکندر ِاعظم اور راجہ پورس کی لڑائی ہو یا 1849ء میں سکھوں انگریزوں کے مابین چیلیانوالہ کے مقام پہ لڑی جانے والی خونریزجنگ،یہ زرخیز ومردم خیز علاقہ ہردور کی تاریخ کے صفحات میںاہمیت رکھتا ہے۔جہاںمادی برتری نے اپنا آپ منوایا ہے وہیں روحانیات،الہٰیات اورمابعد الطبیعات میں بھی اہلیان منڈی بہاء الدین اپنے فہم وخرد میں یگانہ نظر آتے ہیں۔اللہ والوں سے عقیدت اور اولیاء وصوفیا ء کا اتباع اس علاقہ کے باسیوں کی گھٹی میں ہے۔دو دریائوں (چناب وجہلم)کے پروں پہ سوار ضلع منڈی بہاء الدین،شریعت وطریقت کے دریائوں سے بھی ہر دور میں فیضیاب ہوتا آیا ہے۔ جگہ جگہ ایمان افروزی کرتے مزارات اور اہل علاقہ میں ان کاحد درجہ احترام اس امر کی تصدیق کرتا ہے۔

ضلع منڈی بہاء الدین کی حدود میں جلوہ فرماان اولیاء اللہ،صوفیاء،پیران طریقت،آستانوں،درگاہوں،درباروںاور روحانی مراکز کے متعلق علمی کاوش کے فقدان کے پیش نظر 2006ء میںمحمدصغیر صاحب نے ایک کتاب مرتب کرنے کا فیصلہ کیا۔تاریخ ِضلع منڈی بہاء الدین اس موضوع پر تشنہ ہے۔اس عنوان پہ آج تک کوئی کتاب نہیں لکھی گئی۔ یہ پہلی کاوش ہے۔ 2006ء سے لے کر تادم تحریر مستعار شدہ سائیکل پر اور اکثر پیدل، ضلع بھر کے کونے کونے میں قائم درباروں، درگاہوں اور آستانوںپہ حاضری دی اور اولیائے کرام کی سیرت وتعلیمات سے متعلق مواد حاصل کرنا شروع کیا۔ گدی نشینوں،متولیوںاور مزارنشینوں کا عدم تعاون،لاعلمی،نارواسلوک اکثر حوصلہ شکنی کا باعث بنا۔فکر اقبال، بیشتر مقامات پہ مجسم نظر آئی۔

قم باذن اللہ کہہ سکتے تھے جو رخصت ہوئے خانقاہوں میں مجاور رہ گئے یا گورکن

ورثے میں ملی ہے انہیں مسند ِارشاد زاغوں کے تصرف میں عقابوں کے نشیمن

ایک جامع کوائف نامہ تیار کرکے ضلع بھر کے مقدس مقامات کے مقتدر ین تک پہنچا دیا گیا۔کہیں وعدے ہوئے،کہیں ٹال دیا گیا۔حوصلہ شکنی ہوئی تو کہیں عذرو مجبوری ظاہر کی گئی۔وعدے وفا ہوئے نہ کوائف نامے لوٹائے گئے۔اس کتاب کے مندرجات انتہائی عرق ریزی سے تیار کیے گئے ہیں۔مزارات پہ نقش تحریروں،متولیوں اور جاروب کشوں کی حکایات اور قرب وجوار کے علاقوں میں پھیلی داستانوں کی مدد سے کچھ نورانی تذکرے مرتب ہو سکے۔
Piran e Channi Mast Qalandar
Piran e Channi Mast Qalandar
جن کے متعلق کچھ دستیاب نہ ہوا ان کے اسمائے گرامی اور حاضری کی تاریخ درج کردینا فرض سمجھا۔ہر مزار پہ حاضری اور صاحب ِمزار کے متعلقین سے ملاقات کی ایک جامع رپورٹ تیار کی۔بہر کیف یہ مسودہ ترتیب دے کر نذرِ قارئین کرنے میں کس حد تک کامیابی ہوئی یہ فیصلہ اس کتاب کی بنیاد پہ آنے والے نئے ایڈیشنز کو کرنا ہے

Chillianwallah

The battle notorious in early Victorian Britain and India
 for the conduct of Brigadier Pope’s brigade of light cavalry.

Battle: Chillianwallah.

War: Second Sikh War.

Date: 13th January 1849.

Place: In the Punjab in the North West of India.


The Battle of Chillianwallah seen from behind the British line. 
The foothills of the Himalayan Mountains are in the background.

Combatants: British troops and Indian troops of the Bengal Presidency against Sikhs of the Khalsa, the army of the Punjab.

Generals: General Sir Hugh Gough against the Sikh general, Shere Singh.

Size of the armies: 12,000 British and Bengalis with 66 guns against 35,000 Sikhs with 65 guns.

Uniforms, arms and equipment (this section is identical for each of the battles in the Sikh Wars):
The two wars fought between 1845 and 1849 between the British and the Sikhs led to the annexation of the Punjab by the British East India Company and one of the most successful military co-operations between two races, stretching into a century of strife on the North West Frontier of British India, the Indian Mutiny, Egypt and finally the First and Second World Wars.

The British contingent comprised four light cavalry regiments (3rd, 9th, 14th and 16th Light Dragoons- the 9th and 16th being lancers) and twelve regiments of foot (9th, 10th, 24th, 29th, 31st, 32nd, 50th, 53rd, 60th, 61st, 62nd and 80th regiments).

The bulk of General Gough’s “Army of the Sutlej� in the First Sikh War and “Army of the Punjab� in the Second comprised regiments from the Bengal Presidency’s army: 9 regular cavalry regiments (the Governor-General’s Bodyguard and 1st, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th and 11th Bengal Light Cavalry), 13 regiments of irregular cavalry (2nd, 3rd, 4th, 7th to 9th and 11th to the 17th Bengal Irregular Cavalry), 48 regiments of foot (1st to 4th, 7th, 8th, 12th to 16th, 18th, 20th, 22nd, 24th to 27th, 29th to 33rd, 36th, 37th, 41st to 54th, 56th, 59th, 63rd and 68th to 73rd Bengal Native Infantry), horse artillery, field artillery, heavy artillery and sappers and miners.


Bengal Native Infantry blessing their regimental colours in a Hindu ceremony

The Bombay presidency contributed a force that marched in from Scinde in the West and gave considerable assistance at the Siege of Multan; the 19th Bombay Native Infantry gaining the title of the Multan Regiment for its services in the siege, a label still held by its Indian Army successor. A Bombay brigade under Brigadier Dundas joined General Gough’s army for the final battle of the Second Sikh War at Goojerat, where the two regiments of Scinde Horse, Bombay Irregular Cavalry, particularly distinguished themselves. The brigade comprised: 2 regiments of Scinde Horse, 3rd and 19th Bombay Native Infantry and Bombay horse artillery and field artillery.

Each of the three presidencies in addition to their native regiments possessed European infantry, of which the 1st Bengal (European) Infantry, 2nd Bengal (European) Light Infantry and 1st Bombay (European) Fusiliers took part in the Sikh Wars.

   


Map of the Battle of Chillianwallah

Other corps fought under the British flag, such as the Shekawati cavalry and infantry and the first two Gurkha regiments: the Nasiri Battalion (later 1st Gurkhas) and the Sirmoor Battalion (later 2nd Gurkhas).

General Gough commanded the British/Indian army at 6 of the 7 major battles (not Aliwal). An Irishman, Gough was immensely popular with his soldiers for whose welfare he was constantly solicitous. The troops admired Gough’s bravery, in action wearing a conspicuous white coat, which he called his “Battle Coat�, so that he might draw fire away from his soldiers.

Gough’s tactics were heavily criticised, even in the Indian press in letters written by his own officers. At the Battles of Moodkee, Sobraon and Chilllianwalah Gough launched headlong attacks considered to be ill-thought out by many of his contemporaries. Casualties were high and excited concern in Britain and India. His final battle, Goojerat, decisively won the war, cost few of his soldiers their lives and was considered a model of care and planning.

Every battle saw vigorous cavalry actions with HM 3rd King’s Own Light Dragoons and HM 16th Queen’s Royal Lancers particularly distinguishing themselves. The British light cavalry wore embroidered dark blue jackets and dark blue overall trousers, except the 16th who bore the sobriquet “the Scarlet Lancers� for their red jackets. The headgear of the two regiments of light dragoons was a shako with a white cover; the headgear of the lancers the traditional Polish tschapka.

HM regiments of foot wore red coats and blue trousers with shakos and white covers.

The Bengal and Bombay light cavalry regiments wore pale blue uniforms. The infantry of the presidency armies wore red coats and peakless black shakos.

The weapons for the cavalry were the lance for the lancer regiments and sword and carbine for all; the infantry were armed with the Brown Bess musket and bayonet.

Commands in the field were given by the cavalry trumpet and the infantry drum and bugle.
In the initial battles the Sikh artillery outgunned Gough’s batteries. Even in these battles and in the later ones the Bengal and Bombay horse and field artillery were handled with great resource and were a major cause of Gough’s success.

Many of the more senior British officers had cut their military teeth in the Peninsular War and at the Battle of Waterloo: Gough, Hardinge, Havelock of the 14th Light Dragoons, Cureton and others. Many of the younger men would go on to fight in the Crimea and the Indian Mutiny.

The Sikhs of the Punjab looked to the sequence of Gurus for their spiritual inspiration and had established their independence fiercely resisting the Moghul Kings in Delhi and the Muslims of Afghanistan. The Sikhs were required by their religion to wear the five “Ks�, not to cut their hair or beard and to wear the highly characteristic turban, a length of cloth in which the hair is wrapped around the head.

The Maharajah of the Punjab, Ranjit Singh, whose death in 1839 ended the Sikh embargo on war with the British, established and built up the powerful Sikh Army, the “Khalsa�, over the twenty years of his reign. The core of the “Khalsa� was its body of infantry regiments, equipped and trained as European troops, wearing red jackets and blue trousers. The Sikh artillery was held in high esteem by both sides. The weakness in the Sikh army was its horse. The regular cavalry regiments never reached a standard comparable to the Sikh foot, while the main element of the mounted arm comprised clouds of irregular and ill-disciplined “Gorcharras�.

The traditional weapon of the Sikh warrior is the “Kirpan�, a curved sword kept razor sharp and one of the five “Ks� a baptised Sikh must wear. In battle, at the first opportunity, many of the Sikh foot abandoned their muskets and, joining their mounted comrades, engaged in hand to hand combat with sword and shield. Horrific cutting wounds, severing limbs and heads, were a frightful feature of the Sikh Wars in which neither side gave quarter to the enemy.

It had taken the towering personality of Ranjit Singh to control the turbulent “Khalsa� he had established. His descendants found the task beyond them and did much to provoke the outbreak of the First Sikh War in the hope that the Khalsa would be cut down to size by the armies of the British East India Company. The commanders of the Sikh armies in the field rarely took the initiative in battle, preferring to occupy a fortified position and wait for the British and Bengalis to attack. In the opening stages of the war there was correspondence between Lal Singh and the British officer, Major Nicholson, suggesting that the Sikhs were being betrayed by their commander.


Bengal Native Infantry

Pay in the Khalsa was good, twice the rate for sepoys in the Bengal Army, but it was haphazard, particularly after the death of Ranjit Singh. Khalsa administration was conducted by clerks writing in the Persian language. In one notorious mutiny over pay Sikh soldiers ran riot looking for anyone who could, or looked as if they could, speak Persian and putting them to the sword.

The seven battles of the war and the siege of the city of Multan were hard fought. Several of the battle fields were wide flat spaces broken by jungly scrub, from which the movement of large bodies of troops in scorching heat raised choking clouds of dust. As the fighting began the dust clouds intermingled with dense volumes of musket and cannon smoke. With the thunder of gunfire and horse hooves, the battle yells and cries of the injured, the battles of the Sikh Wars were indeed infernos.

Winner: Gough’s Army of the Punjab withdrew to its camp at Chilllianwalah, while the Sikhs fell back no further than the hills around Rasul. The battle was not won by either side, although it is said that the Sikh missed an opportunity to defeat the British outright.

British and Indian Regiments
British Regiments:
HM 3rd King’s Own Light Dragoons, now the Queen’s Royal Hussars. *
HM 9th Queen’s Royal Light Dragoons (Lancers), now the 9th/12th Royal Lancers. *
HM 14th the King’s Light Dragoons, now the King’s Royal Hussars.*
HM 24th Foot, later the South Wales Borderers and now the Royal Welsh Regiment.*
HM 29th Foot, later the Worcestershire Regiment and now the Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment. *
HM 61st Foot, later the Wiltshire Regiment and now the Royal Gloucestershire, Berkshire and Wiltshire Regiment. *

Bengal Army:
1st Bengal Light Cavalry.*
5th Bengal Light Cavalry.*
6th Bengal Light Cavalry.*
9th Bengal Light Cavalry.*
2nd European Light Infantry.*
6th Bengal Native Infantry.*
15th Bengal Native Infantry.*
20th Bengal Native Infantry.*
25th Bengal Native Infantry.*
30th Bengal Native Infantry.*
31st Bengal Native Infantry.*
36th Bengal Native Infantry.*
45th Bengal Native Infantry.*
46th Bengal Native Infantry.*
56th Bengal Native Infantry.*
69th Bengal Native Infantry.*
70th Bengal Native Infantry.*

Cavalry:
All the Bengal cavalry regiments that fought at Chillianwallah ceased to exist in 1857.

Infantry:
2nd Bengal (European) Light Infantry from 1861 102nd Light Infantry, from 1880 the Munster Fusiliers, disbanded in 1922.*
31st Bengal Native Infantry in1861 became the 2nd Bengal Light Infantry, in 1903 2nd (Queen’s Own) Rajput Light Infantry, in 1922 1st (Queen Victoria’s Own) Light Infantry Bn. 7th Rajput Regiment and in 1947 became 4th Bn. the Brigade of the Guards of the Indian Army.*
70th Bengal Native Infantry from 1861 11th Bengal Native Infantry, from 1903 11th Rajputs, from 1922 5th Battalion 7th Rajput Regiment and from 1947 5th Battalion, the Rajput Regiment of the Indian Army.*
The remaining Bengal infantry regiments that fought at Chilllianwalah ceased to exist in 1857.
* These regiments have or had Chillianwallah as a battle honour.

Order of Battle of the Army of the Punjab at the Battle of Chillianwallah:
Commander-in-chief: Major General Sir Hugh Gough.
Cavalry Division: Major General Sir Joseph Thackwell.
1st Brigade: Brigadier White; HM 3rd LD, 5th and 8th BLC.
2nd Brigade: Brigadier Pope; HM 9th Lancers, HM 14th LD, 1st and 6th BLC.

1st Infantry Division: General Gilbert.
1st Brigade: Brigadier Mountain; HM 29th Foot, 30th and 56th BNI.
2nd Brigade: Brigadier Godby; 2nd European LI, 31st and 70th BNI.

2nd Infantry Division: Brigadier Colin Campbell.
1st Brigade: Brigadier Pennycuick; HM 24th Foot, 25th and 45th BNI.
2nd Brigade: Brigadier Hoggan; HM 61st Foot, 6th, 36th and 46thBNI.
3rd Brigade: Brigadier Penny; 15th, 20th and 69th BNI.

6 horse batteries: Major General Brooke.
1st Brigade: Grant; Lane, Christie, Huish, 
2nd Brigade: Brind; Warner, Duncan and Fordyce.
3 field batteries: Mowatt, Robertson and Dawes.
2 heavy batteries: Major Horsford, Captains Shakespeare and Ludlow.

Account
The Battle of Ramnagar and General Thackwell’s inconclusive expedition across the Chenab River had the effect of driving Shere Singh’s Sikh army north from the Chenab to take up a position against the River Jhelum. On 10th January 1849 the news came in to the British commander, Major General Gough, that Chattar Singh had finally captured the fortress of Attock in the extreme north west corner of the Punjab. It was now a matter of time before Chattar Singh’s force with its Afghan allies joined Shere Singh on the Jhelum to create an overwhelming Sikh army.


Maharajah Shere Singh, the Sikh commander at the Battle of Chillianwallah

The Governor General, Lord Dalhousie, urged General Gough to advance with the British and Bengal “Army of the Punjab� and attack Shere Singh before he could be reinforced.

The fall of the city of Multan to its British and Bombay Presidency besiegers released General Whish’s division to rejoin the Army of the Punjab, but Dalhousie and Gough took the view that they could not wait for its arrival.

On 13th January 1849 Gough marched up to within 8 miles of the Sikh army in its position along the Jhelum River, entrenched in a row of rural hamlets. The Army of the Punjab halted at the village of Chillianwallah and prepared to pitch camp while Gough carried out a reconnaissance.

The Sikh left flank lay on the village of Rasul in a line of small hills running nearly parallel with the Chenab River; their right lay against a thick jungle wall. Along the front of the Sikh line was a deep area of scrubby jungle.

The Sikh army comprised 25 infantry battalions, of which 10 had been raised since the end of the First Sikh War, 5,000 Gorcharra irregular cavalry and 65 guns, mostly of a light calibre. It was a feature of the Second Sikh War that the Sikhs had lost the predominance in size and numbers of guns they had possessed in the First War.


Sikh guns captured by the Anglo-Indian army at the Battle of Chillianwallah.

The pitching of camp by the Army of the Punjab was interrupted when a battery of Sikh artillery advanced and opened fire on the British and Bengalis, until they were forced to retire by the fire of Gough’s heavy artillery. The whole of the Sikh artillery into action and it became clear that the Sikhs had advanced well forward from their fortified position and that battle was imminent.

Canceling the order to pitch camp Gough formed up his regiments and prepared for battle, while his guns returned the Sikh fire.
It is reported that Gough was particularly enraged when several cannon rounds came the way of his staff. The criticism is made that it would have been better to have acted with restraint and stuck to his plan to give battle the next day.

Gough drew up his infantry in 2 divisions of 2 brigades each: from the left; Campbell’s division of Hoggan’s and Pennycuick’s brigades, then Gilbert’s division of Mountain’s and Godby’s brigades. Penny’s brigade provided the infantry reserve. White’s cavalry brigade was posted on the left flank with Pope’s cavalry brigade on the right.

The dense scrub made movement and observation equally difficult and, as always in battles in the Indian plains, the marching of troops and horses and the firing of artillery and infantry weapons created heavy clouds of dust and powder smoke which added to the confusion.
Horsford’s heavy guns fired upon the centre of the Sikh position aided by the field batteries positioned on the flanks of the army. After an hour of bombardment the infantry were ordered forward to attack.

In Campbell’s division on the left, Hoggan’s brigade pushed into the Sikh infantry line and drove it back. Pennycuick’s brigade drifted away to the right, struggling to keep order in the dense scrub. HM 24th Foot, an inexperienced regiment full of young soldiers, outstripped its two flanking BNI battalions and reached the Sikh lines, attacking and overrunning the Sikh positions, taking many guns. The Sikhs stormed back into the captured trenches in overwhelming numbers, and drove the disordered 24th Foot out in full retreat and with heavy casualties. The two BNI battalions attempted to hold the attack but were forced back, the whole brigade retreating in confusion to its start point. In the melee, Brigadier Pennycuick, his son, Lieutenant Colonel Brookes, the commanding officer of the 24th, and the two other field officers of the regiment were killed. The 25th and 45th BNI lost all but one of the five colours these two regiments carried. HM 24th Foot lost one colour while the other was rescued by a private soldier. Penny’s brigade advanced into the gap left by the retreat of Pennycuick’s and managed to hold the Sikh pursuit.

Hoggan’s brigade, under General Campbell’s leadership, pushed through the strip of jungle behind the Sikh lines, supported by the fire of horse and field batteries, coming out on the far side in the presence of a strong force of Sikh infantry, cavalry and guns. HM 61st Foot charged the body of cavalry and drove them away, while the Sikh infantry repulsed the 36th BNI on their right. HM 61st wheeled and attacked the Sikh infantry and two guns they had brought up. On the left of the brigade 46th BNI repulsed a Sikh cavalry charge. The whole brigade formed to its right and advanced down the Sikh line, rolling it up and capturing 13 guns until they joined up with Gilbert’s brigade.
On the left flank White’s cavalry brigade found itself confronted by a large force of Sikh Gorcharra irregular horsemen. Captain Unett of the 3rd King’s Own Light Dragoons led his squadron into the charge, galloping as best they could through the broken jungle. General Thackwell, the commander of the cavalry division, ordered the 5th BLC up in support, but the regiment failed to follow Unett’s squadron into the dense mass of Gorcharras. Unett’s light dragoons cut their way through the Sikhs and turning charged back, dispersing the threat to the left flank. All the officers of the squadron were wounded.


Captain Unett leads the Grey Squadron of HM 3rd King’s Own Light Dragoons
 in the charge against the Sikh line at the Battle of Chillianwallah.

On the right flank Pope directed his brigade to advance in line of regiments; 2 squadrons of HM 9th Lancers on the right (the remaining 2 squadrons had been sent away towards the hills), 3 squadrons of 1st and 6th BLC in the centre and HM 14th King’s Light Dragoons to their left, with 10 guns of Huish’s and Christie’s troops of Bengal Horse Artillery on the extreme left of the brigade, retaining no unit as a supporting line. Pope led his brigade at the trot through the broken scrub without the precaution of skirmishers in advance. At the sight of a body of Sikh cavalry, the BLC squadrons in the centre of the line halted, forcing the British regiments on the flanks to stop in conformity. The Sikhs charged the BLC squadrons which turned about and made off. The two British regiments did the same, all attempts by the officers to halt their soldiers being to no avail.

The precipitous withdrawal of the cavalry regiments left the brigade horse artillery battery unprotected and in the confusion of limbering up, the battery was overrun by the Sikh cavalry who captured two guns. Eventually two other guns came into action and were sufficient to drive the Sikh cavalry back.


The 9th Queen’s Royal Lancers, one of the regiments of Pope’s Brigade at the Battle of Chillianwallah

The retreating cavalrymen from Pope’s brigade found their way back to the camp at Chillianwallah, where they were rounded up by officers of the non-combatant services, including a padre.

The disappearance of the cavalry left Godby’s infantry brigade exposed. The 70th BNI pulled back its right wing to provide cover and after some hard fighting the division was able to resume its advance, Mountain’s brigade taking a Sikh battery.

The battle ended with darkness. The Sikh army left the field, withdrawing into the hills around Rasul between their position and the Jhelum River. Gough’s army withdrew to the village of Chilllianwalah, leaving a number of guns on the field, but ensuring they were spiked. 
Heavy rain set in the next day preventing any further manoeuvre by either side.

Casualties
From Pennycuick’s brigade; HM 24th Foot suffered 518 casualties (14 officers and 241 men killed and 10 officers and 266 men wounded), probably out of 1,000 effectives, 25th BNI suffered 211 casualties and 45th BNI suffered 79 casualties.
From Unett’s squadron of HM 3rd King’s Own Light Dragoons of 106 men, only 48 were in the saddle at the end of the battle.
Brigadier Pope was mortally wounded in the battle. The 14th King’s Light Dragoons had one officer killed, a son of Brigadier Cureton, himself killed at the Battle of Ramnagar.

One of the casualties was the Subadar-Major of the 8th Bengal Light Cavalry, a man aged 78 with over 60 years service in the Bengal Army.

Follow-up
General Gough, with perhaps uncharacteristic restraint, resisted all urgings to attack the army of Shere Singh in his new position, waiting until shortage of supplies forced the Sikh army to move into more fertile and open country. Reinforcements reached Shere Singh from Attock, but so did reinforcements for the Army of the Punjab from Multan and in time for the finale of the war at the Battle of Goojerat.

Regimental anecdotes and traditions
• The British press and public were horrified by the losses and the apparent incompetence of the leadership at the Battle of Chillianwallah. The Government decided that Gough was to be replaced as commander-in-chief by the elderly veteran Lord Napier, but the war ended with the successful Battle of Gujerat before Napier reached India.
• The cause of the collapse of Pope’s cavalry brigade was attributed to Pope’s age and inexperience. He was elderly and so ill that he had to be helped to mount and had never commanded more than a squadron in the field.
• Chilllianwalah was an iconic battle for the British cavalry for widely differing reasons. Unett’s charge with his squadron of the 3rd King’s Own Light Dragoons on the left flank was held up as a paragon. The conduct of Pope’s brigade on the right flank became notorious. It is said the slur cast on the competence and courage of the British light cavalry continued to reverberate into the Crimean War and may have contributed to the disastrous Charge of the Light Brigade. Captain Nolan, who played such a key part in committing the Light Brigade at the Battle of Balaclava, was serving in India with the 15th Hussars during the Sikh Wars and was appalled by the incompetent handling of Pope’s cavalry brigade at Chilllianwalah.
• An extraordinary incident took place in 1850 when Sir Charles Napier reviewed the 3rd and 14th Light Dragoons and congratulated them on their performance in the Sikh Wars. A trumpeter of the 14th rode forward and announced to Napier “Our colonel is a coward,� referring to the commanding officer, Lieutenant Colonel King. Soon afterwards King shot himself. At the point during the Battle of Chilllianwalah when Pope’s cavalry brigade began to disintegrate King was attempting to persuade Pope to charge the Sikh cavalry.
• Captain Unett led the “Greys� squadron of HM 3rd King’s Own Light Dragoons at the Battle of Chilliawallah. On the regiment’s return to England, Captain Unett and Lieutenant Stisted, both wounded in the battle, were presented to Queen Victoria to be congratulated on their conduct.
• HM 3rd King’s Own Light Dragoons: It is hard not to rhapsodise over the conduct of the “Galloping 3rd� in the Sikh Wars. The regiment charged several times at each of the Battles of Moodkee, Ferozeshah, Sobraon, Ramnagar, Chilllianwalah and Goojerat. In many instances the charges were delivered when regiments of Bengal Light Cavalry baulked at clashing with the feared Sikhs, leaving the 3rd to attack unsupported and against overwhelming odds, the officers and soldiers knowing the Sikhs gave no quarter and inflicted appalling wounds with their razor sharp kirpans.
• Gough on hearing of the conduct of the padre in halting and calming the retreating cavalrymen wanted to promote him bishop, but was told that he did not have the authority to make promotions in the church.

Medals and decorations:
British and Indian soldiers who took part in the Second Sikh War received the silver medal entitled “Punjab Campaign, 1848-9�.
Clasps were issued for the battles (or in the case of Mooltan the siege) which were described as: “Mooltanâ€?, “Chilllianwalahâ€?, and “Goojeratâ€?. 
Description of the medal: 
Obverse.-Crowned head of Queen Victoria. Legend: “Victoria Regina.�
Reverse.-The Sikh army laying down its arms before Sir W.R. Gilbert and his troops near Rawal Pindi. Inscription “To the Army of the Punjab.� In exergue “MDCCCXLIX.�
Mounting.-Silver scroll bar and swivel.
Ribbon.-Dark blue with two thin yellow stripes, 1 ¼ inch wide.

References:
• History of the British Army by Fortescue.
• History of British Cavalry by the Marquis of Angelsey.

 


The Punjab Campaign Medal (1848

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CHILLIANWALLAH


Chillanwallah, Chillanwallah! 
Where our brothers fought and bled, 
O thy name is natural music 
And a dirge above the dead! 
Though we have not been defeated, 
Though we can’t be overcome, 
Still, whene’er thou art repeated, 
I would fain that grief were dumb. 

Chillianwallah, Chillianwallah! 
‘Tis a name so sad and strange, 
Like a breeze through midnight harpstrings 
Ringing many a mournful change; 
But the wildness and the sorrow 
Have a meaning of their own – 
Oh, whereof no glad to-morrow 
Can relieve the dismal tone! 

Chillianwallah, Chillianwallah! 
‘Tis a village dark and low, 
By the bloody Jhelum river 
Bridged by the foreboding foe; 
And across the wintry water 
He is ready to retreat, 
When the carnage and the slaughter 
Shall have paid for his defeat. 

Chillianwallah, Chillianwallah! 
‘Tis a wild and dreary plain, 
Strewn with plots of thickest jungle, 
Matted with the gory stain. 
There the murder-mouthed artillery, 
In the deadly ambuscade, 
Wrought the thunder of its treachery 
On the skeleton brigade. 

Chillianwallah, Chillianwallah! 
When the night set in with rain, 
Came the savage plundering devils 
To their work among the slain; 
And the wounded and the dying 
In cold blood did share the doom 
Of their comrades round them lying, 
Stiff in the dead skyless gloom. 

Chillianwallah, Chillianwallah! 
Thou wilt be a doleful chord, 
And a mystic note of mourning 
That will need no chiming word; 
And that heart will leap with anguish 
Who may understand thee best; 
But the hopes of all will languish 
Till thy memory is at rest.

Gurudwara Bhai Bannu at Mangat, Distt Mandi Bahauddin

Mandi Bahauddin is the leading town of district. The sacred shrine of Jagat Guru Nanak Ji is in village Jai Sukh Wala which is located on the main road going from Mandi-Bahauddin to Marala. The Jai Sukh wala is within the jurisdiction of P.S. & Tehsil Mandi-Bahauddin.eJagat Guru Ji arrived in this village from Dinga at a time when an annoyed mystic wanted to punish the villagers with his curse. Guru Ji prevailed upon him to abandon it and taught him that the right to punish lies in the domain of God. Bhai Bhag, the grandson of this mystic, led a simple and fair life. His grave is displaying its beauty in the cool shade of a tree on the other side of the tank of Gurdwara.

During the reign of Sher-e-Punjab Maharaja Ranjit Singh a beautiful 3-storeyed building of Gurdwara Sahib was constructed. Two elegant tanks were built on its left hand side. One of the tanks was for women. There is a very big inn to provide accommodation to sangats. About 100 housings are settled in it. Some people have divided the building among themselves. A police official is occupying the Prakashasthan (Recitation Room), who does not let any one to visit.

Maharaja Ranjit Singh had bestowed an estate with an annual income of 5 thousand and 40 squares of agricultural land. Fairs used to be held on Visakhi, Chaiter and Bhadun.

Gurudwara Bhai Bannu at Mangat, Distt Mandi Bahauddin

Mangat is a town of Tehsil Phalia (district Mandi Bahauddin). This shrine is located on the Mandi Bahauddin-Gujrat road at a distance of 12 kilometers from Mandi Bahauddin railway station. The residence of Bhai Bannu Ji, a devotee of Sat Gur Arjun Dev Ji, was at this place. “Bhai Bannu wall beerr (volume) of Granth Sahib” was kept here in the book form. (see Guru Granth Sahib).

At the side of the tank, a beautiful Gurdwara was built during Sikh rule by the royal command of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. A large endowment of land was made but the priests got it transferred in their names. This is a splendid darbar. The tank is getting filled with dust. There is now a vegetable market outside the Gurdwara. The floral frescoes have been painted on the walls

 

Baba_wandwali

 

Beautiful Places in Mbdin City

Beautiful Places in distt.

  1. Nuth house, near to Rasul chooki

Famous Bazars of City Mandi Bahauddin

Sadar Bazar: Its the main and Central Bazar of City mbdin. Its direction is from North to South. It is famous for Shoes Shops and Shopping centers.

Sadar Chowk: This Chowk (Cross-section of two main bazars –Sadar Bazar and Ketchari bazar) is famous for its Cloth houses, Jewlers markeet and Commerical activities.

Sabzi Mandi or Sabi Bazar: Its very famous and is always full of people. Here you can buy all types of Vegetables, Fruits and other eatable articles.

Commity Bazar: Here you will find many departmental stores.

Lunda Bazar: Its totally ladies bazar. Here you can find old and new cloths and garments of every type (imported and local), local broidary shops and articles and all other articles for females. Here are mostly garment shops.

Ambala Markeet: Its very famous for Desi Ghee. Here you can buy original high quality Desi Ghee.

Ghalla Mandi: Here you can buy local products of mandi bahauddin like Wheat, Rice, Maiz and all other products that come directly from rural areas of district mandi bahauddin. Here are many shops related to agriculture.

Yaseen Plaza: Here you can find Computer shops, Mobile telephone shops, Shopping Centers and Educational academies.

Reagal Market:  Here you can find many Tailors shops and ready-made garment shops.

Banu Bazar: Its pure ladies bazar. Here are many shops of garments, embroidary, Jewlary, Cloths, Cosmetics and Shopping centers. This bazar is also always busy with people.

sadar bazar.famous for shoes.shops and shoping centers,

sadar chowk.cloth houses,jewlers markit, comercial area hai

sabzi mandi,important place, yahan apko her waqat rash miliga, kion yahan her khanay pakany ki chezain milaingi

commety bazar,keryana shops totally

lunda bazar,tottaly ladies bazar,cloths garments.local,products,and all about related to ladies, garmetns shops mostly

Ambala markit.famous 4 desi ghee,yahan apko achi quality ka desi ghi meliga

ghalla mandi.yahan apko local products like wheat.rice. wagira milinga.zare adweiyaat ki shops hain ider

yaseen plaza.computers,mobile.shoping centers and educational acadmies

reagal markit.is main tailaring shops hain

banu bazaar–ladies bazar hai.jewlary.garments,shoping centers.cloth shops.cosmatics shops, yahan apko male nazr nahi ayingay

Beautiful Places in distt

Beautiful Places in distt.

  1. Nuth house, near to Rasul chooki

Famous Bazars of City Mandi Bahauddin

Sadar Bazar: Its the main and Central Bazar of City mbdin. Its direction is from North to South. It is famous for Shoes Shops and Shopping centers.

Sadar Chowk: This Chowk (Cross-section of two main bazars –Sadar Bazar and Ketchari bazar) is famous for its Cloth houses, Jewlers markeet and Commerical activities.

Sabzi Mandi or Sabi Bazar: Its very famous and is always full of people. Here you can buy all types of Vegetables, Fruits and other eatable articles.

Commity Bazar: Here you will find many departmental stores.

Lunda Bazar: Its totally ladies bazar. Here you can find old and new cloths and garments of every type (imported and local), local broidary shops and articles and all other articles for females. Here are mostly garment shops.

Ambala Markeet: Its very famous for Desi Ghee. Here you can buy original high quality Desi Ghee.

Ghalla Mandi: Here you can buy local products of mandi bahauddin like Wheat, Rice, Maiz and all other products that come directly from rural areas of district mandi bahauddin. Here are many shops related to agriculture.

Yaseen Plaza: Here you can find Computer shops, Mobile telephone shops, Shopping Centers and Educational academies.

Reagal Market:  Here you can find many Tailors shops and ready-made garment shops.

Banu Bazar: Its pure ladies bazar. Here are many shops of garments, embroidary, Jewlary, Cloths, Cosmetics and Shopping centers. This bazar is also always busy with people.

sadar bazar.famous for shoes.shops and shoping centers,

sadar chowk.cloth houses,jewlers markit, comercial area hai

sabzi mandi,important place, yahan apko her waqat rash miliga, kion yahan her khanay pakany ki chezain milaingi

commety bazar,keryana shops totally

lunda bazar,tottaly ladies bazar,cloths garments.local,products,and all about related to ladies, garmetns shops mostly

Ambala markit.famous 4 desi ghee,yahan apko achi quality ka desi ghi meliga

ghalla mandi.yahan apko local products like wheat.rice. wagira milinga.zare adweiyaat ki shops hain ider

yaseen plaza.computers,mobile.shoping centers and educational acadmies

reagal markit.is main tailaring shops hain

banu bazaar–ladies bazar hai.jewlary.garments,shoping centers.cloth shops.cosmatics shops, yahan apko male nazr nahi ayingay