Chak No. 45 چک نمبر
The Government of British India launched a program in early years of 19th century to bring the forest like land which is currently in District Malakwal into agricultural use. For this reason the launched a scheme called ‘Gori Pal scheme’ to give a package of 56 acres of land to each farmers selected from different regions of Punjab. Around 1914, many tribes from different villages who were already farmers there but did not had much land, got benefited from this scheme and got land in form of ‘Ghoris’ (named on female horse).
The farmers came to this village in decade of 1914th and removed the forest and started cultivating the land. The land proved to be very fertile which was very much appreciated by the new farmers. The main tribes came from different villages like ‘Bharoki Cheema’ near Wazirabad, Saroki Cheema, Jaamke Cheema, Sahi ke, etc. Because the casts of those farmers originally was Cheema, that’s why Cheema is the dominant cast of the village.
Chak 45 چک نمبرTehsil Malakwal, District Mandi Bahauddin. The village structure was designed by Government and has all proper wide streets, land for mosque in center, school, land for ‘Numberdar’ etc, civil servants of village and their lands as salary e.g. Imam masjid, sweepers, etc.
Founder of the village
No single founder. Land was allotted farmers who cultivated and formed the village. Cast of the Founder was Cheema This is a mid sized village with no prominent names of streets. On the south eastern corner there exists a street with Christian population along with their church.
Neighboring villages, towns and geographical landmarks:
It is approximately 38 KM South West of the city of mbdin. On the North it is bordered to Tibba Manak Busal (the residence of politicians Nawaz and Iqbal Busal) and on southern side it is bordered with Chak. Bar Musa is bordered on the North western corner of the village territory.
Nature of People:
Mostly habitants of Chak 45 are farmers, on average the youth has at least attend a high school.
Source of Income:
The main source of income of villagers in Chak 45 is through agriculture. The fertile land of Chak 45 produces excellent quality of citrus of different kinds which helps in earning the farmer a good amount annually.
- Atta Mohammad Cheema
- Dr. Azam Cheema
- Ehsan Ullah Cheema
- Muhammad Arif Cheema (sss Retired)
- Shabbir Ahmed Cheema (Retired Sr. Head Master)
Highly Qualified Personalities:
- Dr. Mohammad Azam Cheema (running Cheema Hospital in Gujranwala)
- Atta Mohammad Cheema (Retired Director Education)
- Nazar Mohammad Cheema (Retired High School Head Master)
Schools, Collages, Mosques and Madrasas:
- Govt Middle School for Boys
- Govt Primary School for Girls
Way of living:
Peoples of the village live a simple life. They have very friendly behavior. Peoples are very much hostile, peaceful and sincere
In the village Television, Radio, Tape Recorder, PTCL Phones and Mobile Phones with services of all the Telecom companies are present in almost every house.
Flora and Fauna:
As the area is very productive both animals and plants love to stay here.
Main crops and fruits:
- Citrus (oranges of different kinds)
- Sugar Can
- Buffalos (bhainsein)
- Cows and Bulls (gaey aur bael)
- Sheeps (bhairain)
- Goats (bakrian)
- Horses (ghoray)
- Donkeys (gadhay)
- Dogs (kutay)
- Cats (Bilian)
- Hens (murgean)
- Rabbits (khargosh)
- Pigeons (kabutar)
- Ducks (batkhain)
Wild animals found in the villagers land are:
- Jackals (geedarr)
- Snakes (saanp)
- Pigs (sours)
- Wild Cats (jangly billay)
- Parrots (totay)
- Sparrows and Finches (chirian)
Main Problems of this Village
- Problems faced by people of the village
- No medical facility available from Government
- School are poor staffed.
Due high illiteracy in the village, the local rivalries and conflicts are very common (typical on land own ship or water irrigation etc.) among different families which often cause violence and bloodshed. This has also been a main reason for people to move city to look for better future of their children.