Baisakhi 2023 Date
It also marks the first day of the month of Baisakh or Vaisakha and is usually celebrated on 13th or 14th of April every year. Baisakhi 2023 date will be celebrated on 14th April 2023.
Baisakhi will be celebrated on Friday, April 14, 2023 across Pakistan. Baisakhi is important in Sikhism, as on this day in 1699 the 10th Sikh Guru founded the Panth Khalsa, a Sikh institution. It marks the Hindu solar new year, the beginning of the harvest festival, and the birth of the Khalsa and Punjabi new years.
This festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm in various states like Punjab, Jammu, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana etc. Outside India, Baisakhi is also celebrated by Hindus in Pakistan, Nepal, and Sikhs in the United Kingdom, the United States, and Malaysia.
An interesting fact about Vaisakhi is that its history changes slowly over the years. In 1801 it fell on April 11 and in the year 2999 it fell on April 29. Complete details regarding Baisakhi 2023 are provided here in this article.
Significance of Baisakhi
Both Sikhs and Hindus consider Baisakhi as an important festival. Baisakhi is not only a religious but also a festival of historical importance for Sikhs. Hindus believe that on the day of Vaisakhi, Goddess Ganga descended from heaven to earth. Taking a dip in this holy river on Baisakhi day is considered extremely auspicious.
History of Baisakhi Festival
For Sikhs, it is the first day of the month of Vaisakh as well as the beginning of the Sikh New Year. It is also said that due to the persecution and execution of his father Guru Tegh Bahadur by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb for refusing to convert to Islam, Guru Gobind Singh formed the Khalsa on the day of Vaisakhi. The Khalsa were a group of five warriors, also known as the Panj Pyare, who volunteered to Guru Gobind Singh to sacrifice their heads for the cause of Sikhism.
Back to recent Indian history, in 1801, Ranjit Singh was proclaimed the Maharaja of the Sikh Empire on April 12, Vaisakhi. It was also Baisakhi Day when General Reginald Dyer, an official of the British colonial empire, opened fire on the assembled Indians at Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Punjab. It was a major event that sparked a major surge in the fight against British rule in India.
Vaisakhi Rituals and Celebration
Hindus celebrate Vaisakhi as a harvest festival and bathing in sacred rivers such as the Ganga, Jhelum and Cauvery is a popular ritual. People visit temples, cook delicious food and meet their friends and relatives on this day. Also, people donate especially hand fans, water pitchers and seasonal fruits to the poor and needy on the occasion of Baisakhi. Many Hindu pilgrimage sites also hold fairs or fairs. On the occasion of Baisakhi, Sikhs conduct kirtans and visit gurudwaras. Processions are taken out from Gurudwaras in which a large number of people participate.